Doctoral student Kevin McLean (advisor: Os Schmitz) has been awarded an Earth and Space Fellowship from NASA. His research will focus on the spatial relationship between movement behavior of neotropical primates and forest structure using a novel integration of high-resolution LiDAR and movement data for collected through radio/GPS telemetry and direct observation. He will test the hypotheses that (a) movements across the landscape are non-random with respect to structural characteristics of the forest and that (b) the frequency distribution of the structural features selected for movement can be used to parameterize a model that identifies areas important for animal movement.
Roger Smith, outreach director for the Neighbor to Neighbor Energy Challenge and co-director of Clean Water Action CT, discussed the challenges of and lessons learned from this program to engage communities in improving home energy efficiency.In Connecticut, the 64 homes in zip code 06119 emit more annual metric tons of carbon dioxide, on average, than all U.S. users. Most people in this area, like many others who are used to living in homes with big, empty spaces, feel that there is little they can do to improve the energy efficiency of an “old house.” While different energy audits have been developed through natural gas utility and Connecticut Light & Power to help homeowners reduce energy costs, this “energy marketing” focuses on programs, not solutions. Furthermore, there is low consumer awareness and demand for upgrades. Confusion about energy efficiency further inhibits action beyond small changes in air sealing and lighting.
The social cost of carbon is an important theme in both environmental economics and climate change policy analysis. The foundation of the concept lies in Pigouvian theory of externalities, in which environmental quality is legally defined as a public trust resource belonging to each and every member of society. Morally, people have a right to protection from environmental harms, in the present day and across generations. Therefore, if damages do occur due to private activities, the public should be able to charge the polluters a fee to compensate for the pollution, such as carbon emissions, imposed on society. This would be the social cost of carbon.
Dr. Julie Zimmerman, Associate Professor of Green Engineering, has been named a 2013 Women of Innovation Finalist for Research Innovation and Leadership. Overseen by the Connecticut Technology Council, the program recognizes women across Connecticut – those in the workforce and students – who are innovators, role models and leaders in the fields of science, engineering and technology. Finalists were selected based on their professional experience, history of innovation, ability to think creatively and solve problems, and demonstration of leadership. The complete list of finalists is available here.
Atwood MA*. 2013. Effects of euthanasia method on stable-carbon and stable-nitrogen isotope analysis for an ectothermic vertebrate. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 27(8), pp. 909-913.
Bailis R, C Rujanavech*, P Dwivedi, AD Vilela, H Chang (FES Alum), RC de Miranda. 2013. Innovation in charcoal production: A comparative life-cycle assessment of two kiln technologies in Brazil. Energy for Sustainable Development 17(2), pp. 189-200.
Castillo-Santiago MA, A Ghilardi, et al. 2013. Estimating the spatial distribution of woody biomass suitable for charcoal making from remote sensing and geostatistics in central Mexico. Energy for Sustainable Development 17(2), pp. 177-188.
Crowther TW and MA Bradford. 2013. Thermal acclimation in widespread heterotrophic soil microbes. Ecology Letters 16(4), pp. 469-477.
Fenichel EP, B Gentner, R Arlinghaus. 2013. Normative considerations for recreational fishery management: a bioeconomic framework for linking positive science and normative fisheries policy decisions. Fisheries Management and Ecology 20(2-3), pp. 223-233.
Yeh S, GS Mishra, G Morrison, J Teter, R Quiceno, K Gillingham, X Riera-Palou. 2013. Long-Term Shifts in Life-Cycle Energy Efficiency and Carbon Intensity. Environmental Science & Technology 47(6), pp. 2494-2501.
Mwampamba TH, A Ghilardi, K Sander, KJ Chaix. 2013. Dispelling common misconceptions to improve attitudes and policy outlook on charcoal in developing countries. Energy for Sustainable Development 17(2), pp. 75-85.