Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies
GEM Initiative at Yale University
Governance, Environment,
and Markets Initiative


The GEM Initiative's publications draw from academic theory, international fieldwork, and extensive collaboration with NGO and practitioner partners to generate innovative, problem-focused scholarship for both academic and practitioner audiences. GEM produces a range of publications, including academic work and practitioner-focused manuals. Please review some recent GEM publications below.

Auld, G., Renckens, S. and Cashore, B., 2015. Transnational private governance between the logics of empowerment and control. Regulation & Governance9(2), pp.108-124.
Iben, N., Hansen, C.P. and Cashore, B., 2014. Timber legality verification in practice: Prospects for support and institutionalization. Forest Policy and Economics, (48), pp.1-5.
Cashore, B. and Stone, M.W., 2014. Does California need Delaware? Explaining Indonesian, Chinese, and United States support for legality compliance of internationally traded products. Regulation & Governance,8(1), pp.49-73.