Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Forests (18 found)

Can fungi and trees, working together, slow climate change?

Can the alliance between trees and fungi reduce climate change effects? A recent study looks at the role of fungi in increasing the ability of trees to take up the potent greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide.

Inviting more people to the table: The pros and cons of ‘participatory monitoring’

A new technique to improve conservation programs, known as participatory monitoring, involves collaboration between citizens, government, NGOs, and researchers to assess environmental issues. Since researchers alone might not have enough time or funding to collect adequate long term data, educating and training local people may prove to have more long term potential for conservation goals.

Evaluating Latin American efforts to reduce future emissions

A new study on greenhouse gas emissions trends in Latin American shows that current policy efforts to reduce or prevent those emissions are not enough. The region should prepare for the coming challenges of a new climate agenda.

Can an invasive species actually help lemurs in Madagascar?

Tropical forests are being lost due to timber harvest and cultivation, and ecosystems are being threatened by the spread of exotic and invasive species that outcompetes native ones. A recent study shows how an exotic plant species can be beneficial in connecting forest fragments, which promotes healthy wildlife populations.

Coffee plantations provide refuge for small mammals

Agriculture and preserving habitat are constantly at odds. A new study assesses how farming can benefit farmers and small mammal species, and help preserve habitat.

Simplifying nature: Human land use erodes biodiversity

Increasing intensity of human land-use makes ecological communities progressively more similar to one another, leading to an overall loss of diversity. Ecological metrics used to quantify diversity loss could provide helpful conservation benchmarks.

Piecemeal nature: fragmented forests show long-term losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services

Analysis of global forest cover reveals that over 70 percent of remaining forests are within 1 kilometer of non-forest edge. Synthesis of long-term studies show that this will result in pervasive loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Land-use history influences rates of tropical forest regeneration

Differences in land use history may significantly alter the speed and ability of tropical forests to regenerate, which may have substantial implications for carbon budgets.

Nutrient dynamics of forest growth affect climate change model outcomes

Accounting for nitrogen and phosphorous limitations on forest growth significantly alters projections of future climate change scenarios.

Logging causes more forest loss than oil palm in Indonesia

Logging concessions and plantations for fiber species were the biggest contributors to forest loss in Indonesia from 2000-2010, but also comprise the country’s largest existing carbon stocks.

Carbon capture: Tree size matters

A new study shows that large trees capture carbon more efficiently than smaller trees, suggesting that they have a disproportionate effect on how forests influence global climate change.

Hunting animals kills forest trees, too

Overhunting animal consumers of seeds increases extinction risk in tropical trees, and could change structure and ecological dynamics of tropical forests.

Global study tells us how human land-use affects species and why

Across the world, animals are consistently imperiled by human land-use, but the magnitude of impact varies between species based on their innate features.

Fungus in the forest:
How pathogens drive rainforest diversity

Miniscule fungi and diminutive insects that eat up seeds and seedlings of trees may hold the key to understanding the mindboggling diversity of tropical rainforests.

Forest regrowth as a counterbalance to climate variability

A resurgence of forest cover in the North Carolina Piedmont has a significant effect on stream discharge and drought timing. 

Ecology drones: New methods for capturing low-cost tropical forest conservation data

Attaching the cameras to aerial drones allows conservation researchers to observe everything from illegal logging activity to elephant migrations.

Property tax incentives benefit forest connectivity

Forest property tax incentives are effective tools for ensuring landscape connectivity, yet what type of program forest owners participate in differs by type of forest and owners. Policymakers can use this information to tailor programs and policies to increase forest conservation programs.

Remote Sensing Closing in On Wildfire Prediction

Researchers are exploring the potential of using remote sensing of Live Fuel Moisture Content as a landscape level fire predictor.