Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Business (29 found)

The influence of corporate funding on the climate change debate

It has been widely thought that money wields power, and that corporate funding fuels climate change deniers. A recent study finds who these corporate funders are and just how much power they have.

Investment banks: An unlikely ally for conservation

Financial institutions like banks historically have played a critical role in the face of global challenges, from restructuring industry after World War II to the financing of the industrial revolutions. A new study argues that banks can play a similar role in helping society transition to a low-carbon footprint model.

A tale of two cities: Equity, environment, and economic growth in urban areas

As city planners seek to foster green economies, environmental justice advocates worry that its gentrifying effects and disproportionate benefits to the consumer class. Through case studies in Chicago and Seattle, a recent study explores how community efforts have the potential to incorporate social equity into the vision of the green economy.

Making clothes that last: Surprising design insights from Norway

Is it possible to delay clothing disposal through better design? A recent study uses user-centered design methods and quantitative consumer research to suggest four strategies to delay clothing disposal.

Do not disturb? How social norms influence green behavior among hotel guests

Different messaging techniques on the reuse of towels in hotels are found to have a significant impact on guest behavior — and can save significant amounts of energy and water. This low-cost method may be of interest to businesses, who can save money on utility costs while furthering their environmental reputation as well.

Burning problems: Estimating the social and environmental costs of coal mining in Colombia

Through an in-depth economic analysis of coal mining in Cesar, Colombia, a researcher concludes that the environmental and social costs of coal mining outweighs the coal’s market price — even when the global cost of carbon is not taken into account.

Taboo trade offs in ecosystem services and human well-being

Management of multiple ecosystem services involves balancing multiple stakeholders and their respective value systems. This involves making trade offs, but not all trade offs are equal. A recent article analyzes how these decisions affect management decisions in a small-scale tropical fishery.

Sustainable procurement reporting found lacking in India

Public sector enterprises dealing with mining, energy and power sectors of India are weak in reporting environmental elements than economic and development reporting.

Energy innovation and emissions reduction strategies overlook the poor

There is a distinct lack of innovation in energy technologies despite the need to curb emissions. Worse yet is the bigger void of innovation geared towards expanding energy access to the world’s poor. A team of experts analyzed the reasons for this gap and outlined potential solutions.

When it comes to offsetting pollution, wind power outperforms solar

New research suggests there are significant differences in the pollution offset by an additional unit of wind power versus solar power. The evidence suggests environmental policy subsidizing renewable energy instead of addressing emissions directly is inefficient and unnecessarily costly.

Climate policies lead to higher GDP and employment rates

A new study offers encouraging news about prospective climate policy impacts on employment and GDP. Comparing two scenarios to a “business as usual” model, a team of economists present two scenarios that could achieve the European Union’s emissions reduction target by 2030 and also generate higher GDP and employment rates.

Urban mining: A solution to China’s resource crisis?

China’s mineral resource shortage and excessive dependence on foreign mineral resources can be addressed through a strong focus on urban mining. 

Industrial waste account to boost industrial symbiosis

National industrial waste input-output accounts are a great asset to uncover waste exchange opportunities, reduce industrial wastes and promote industrial symbiosis at a national scale. 

Carrot or stick? Effects of differing incentives in disposable bag use

Taxes on plastic bags are found to be more effective at reducing plastic bag use than bonuses for reusable bags.

The prestige of buying green: The Prius case

Consumers are increasingly willing to pay for pricier hybrid cars, expecting social recognition and prestige in exchange for their environmentally friendly consumption habits, a study finds. Society and the environment stand to benefit.

Risk financing instruments to minimize impacts of climate extremes

Different types of financing instruments are required to address the impacts and frequency of climate extremes in vulnerable developing countries, a recent analysis finds.

Ecocognition: Finding the economic benefits of reduced environmental impacts

Innovative examples from corporations around the globe show that the tools of industrial ecology can be used to recognize and develop the multiple benefits associated with reducing environmental impact and enhancing competitive advantage.

From refining sugar to growing tomatoes: A case study of industrial symbiosis

While British Sugar’s primary business is producing sugar, the company in recent years has expanded its operations to include the production of animal feed, electricity, tomatoes, and bioethanol. A recent study illustrates how the company is a case study of a fundamental principle of industrial ecology — industrial symbiosis.

A business case for ecosystem service valuation: Water in the Brazos

A recent study explored how businesses might value the critical ecosystem services provided by water — and how valuations could drive decision-making.

New performance indicator
helps inform corporate water decisions

In a recent study, researchers developed an approach to help companies make more informed water decisions based on which suppliers use more or less water throughout the supply chain.

Is Fairtrade certification greening agricultural practices?

The effects of Fairtrade certification on agricultural practices may not be as strong as previous studies suggest.

Are we heading toward conscious consumption?

A sustainable future lies not only in the hands of individuals, but also in the collective efforts of the society.

Firms and sustainability frameworks: Strategizing for efficient materials management

Developing solutions through frameworks geared toward strategic and sustainable materials management.

Will green innovation sharpen your horn in the market?

As the ecological challenges continue to arise, environmental innovations may be the key to a firm’s market-share expansion and flexibility against economic downturn.

Valuing South Africa's food waste

In countries like South Africa where food takes up as much as one-fifth of household spending, reducing waste from ‘farm to table’ is much more than a moral obligation - it is an economical way to maximize resources.

Can forests earn more money than oil palm plantations?

Sustainable forest management that aims at Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) includes payments to landowners and can provide economic benefits over alternative land uses such as oil palm plantations. If certain key factors are resolved, REDD+ can simultaneously achieve economic and social success while bringing ecological benefits and contributing to climate change mitigation.

Entrepreneur and decision makers’ attitudes matter in realizing tourism opportunities near national parks

Scientists explore how entrepreneurs and decision makers can make or break how a national park benefits a community

The U.S. is developing sustainably: Re-measuring wealth redefines economic growth and sustainable development

Why has sustainable development been so hard to achieve? It turns out we have been measuring it incorrectly.

Economic growth by stricter regulation

More stringent air pollution standards could encourage, rather than restrict, economic growth.