How is Metro Manila planning for the impacts of climate change? What are the obstacles and opportunities for adopting urban climate adaptation strategies in the Filipino capital?
At high risk from natural hazards, including tropical storms and earthquakes, the Philippines faces unprecedented threats from both climate change, which increases the frequency and intensity of storm events, and urbanization, which heightens risks and vulnerabilities. This research focuses on the governance dimensions of urban climate adaptation planning in the Philippines, and analyzes the factors influencing how and why decisions are made. The goal of the research is to map institutional relationships among major stakeholders, related laws and policies, as well as financial flows that shape and influence decision-making on climate change adaptation in Metro Manila.