Oswald J. "Os" Schmitz

Oastler Professor of Population and Community Ecology

 
Publications (BETA)

This is a PARTIAL listing of recent publications, and it will continue to grow as we populate our publications database.

2018

  • Journal Article
    Barton, B. T. and O. J. Schmitz. “Opposite effects of daytime and nighttime warming on top-down control of plant diversity.” Ecology 99.1 (2018): 13-20. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2062
  • 2017

  • Journal Article
    Northfield, T. D., B. T. Barton, and O. J. Schmitz. “A spatial theory for emergent multiple predator-prey interactions in food webs.” Ecology and Evolution 7.17 (2017): 6935-6948. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3250
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. “Predator and prey functional traits: understanding the adaptive machinery driving predator–prey interactions [version 1; referees: 2 approved].” F1000Research 6 (F1000 Faculty Rev) (2017): 1767. DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.11813.1
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., J. R. B. Miller, A. M. Trainor, and B. Abrahms. “Toward a community ecology of landscapes: predicting multiple predator-prey interactions across geographic space.” Ecology 98.9 (2017): 2281-2292. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1916
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., R. W. Buchkowski, J. R. SmithM. Telthorst, and A. E. Rosenblatt. “Predator community composition is linked to soil carbon retention across a human land use gradient.” Ecology 98.5 (2017): 1256-1265. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1794
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. and A. E. Rosenblatt. “The Temperature Dependence of Predation Stress and Prey Nutritional Stoichiometry.” Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 5 (2017): 73. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2017.00073
  • Journal Article
    Buchkowski, R. W., M. A. Bradford, A. S. Grandy, O. J. Schmitz, and W. R. Wieder. “Applying population and community ecology theory to advance understanding of belowground biogeochemistry.” Ecology Letters 20.2 (2017): 231-245. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12712
  • Journal Article
    Rosenblatt, A. E., L. M. Smith-Ramesh, and O. J. Schmitz. “Interactive effects of multiple climate change variables on food web dynamics: modeling the effects of changing temperature, CO2, and water availability on a tri-tropic food web.” Food Webs 13 (2017): 98-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.fooweb.2016.10.002
  • Journal Article - Forthcoming
    Smith-Ramesh, L. M., A. E. Rosenblatt, and O. J. Schmitz. “Multivariate climate change can favor large herbivore body size in food webs.” The American Naturalist (2017). DOI: 10.1086/695768
  • 2016

  • Journal Article
    Smith, J. R. and O. J. Schmitz. “Cascading ecological effects of landscape moderated arthropod diversity.” Oikos 125.9 (2016): 1261-1272. DOI: 10.1111/oik.02887
  • Journal Article
    Miller, J. R. B., Y. V. Jhala, and O. J. Schmitz. “Human Perceptions Mirror Realities of Carnivore Attack Risk for Livestock: Implications for Mitigating Human-Carnivore Conflict.” PLoS ONE 11.9 (2016): e0162685. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162685
  • Journal Article
    Ko, C-YO. J. Schmitz, and W. Jetz. “The limits of direct community modeling approaches for broad-scale predictions of ecological assemblage structure.” Biological Conservation 201 (2016): 396-404. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.07.026
  • Journal Article
    Wilmers, C. C. and O. J. Schmitz. “Effects of gray wolf-induced trophic cascades on ecosystem carbon cycling.” Ecosphere 7.10 (2016): e01501. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1501
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O., A. E. Rosenblatt, and M. Smylie. “Temperature dependence of predation stress and the nutritional ecology of a generalist herbivore.” Ecology 97.11 (2016): 3119-3130. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1524
  • Book
    Schmitz, O. J. The New Ecology: Rethinking a Science for the Anthropocene. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016. Link
  • Journal Article
    Mendelsohn, R., I. C. Prentice, O. Schmitz, B. Stocker, R. Buchkowski, and B. Dawson. “The Ecosystem Impacts of Severe Warming.” American Economic Review 106.5 (2016): 612-614. DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20161104
  • Journal Article
    Bálint, J., S. E. Zytynska, R. V. Salamon, M. Mehrparvar, W. W. Weisser, O. J. Schmitz, K. Benedek, and A. Balog. “Intraspecific differences in plant chemotype determine the structure of arthropod food webs.” Oecologia 180.3 (2016): 797-807. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-015-3508-y
  • Journal Article
    Rosenblatt, A. E. and O. J. Schmitz. “Climate Change, Nutrition, and Bottom-Up and Top-Down Food Web Processes.” Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31.12 (2016): 965-975. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2016.09.009
  • Journal Article
    Miller, J. R. B., K. J. Stoner, M. R. Cejtin, T. K. Meyer, A. D. Middleton, and O. J. Schmitz. “Effectiveness of Contemporary Techniques for Reducing Livestock Depredations by Large Carnivores.” Wildlife Society Bulletin 40.4 (2016): 806-815. DOI: 10.1002/wsb.720
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. and G. C. Trussell. “Multiple stressors, state-dependence and predation risk — foraging trade-offs: toward a modern concept of trait-mediated indirect effects in communities and ecosystems.” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 12 (2016): 6-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.08.003
  • Journal Article
    Rosenblatt, A. E., B. T. Crowley, and O. J. Schmitz. “Linking trophic interactions to plasticity in thermal sensitivity of geographically separated populations of a herbivore.” Evolutionary Ecology 30.4 (2016): 649-661. DOI: 10.1007/s10682-016-9827-6
  • 2015

  • Journal Article
    Leroux, S. J., and O. J. Schmitz. “Predator-driven elemental cycling: the impact of predation and risk effects on ecosystem stoichiometry.” Ecology and Evolution 5.21 (2015): 4976-4988. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1760
  • Journal Article
    Miller, J. R. B., Y. V. Jhala, J. Jena, and O. J. Schmitz. “Landscape-scale accessibility of livestock to tigers: implications of spatial grain for modeling predation risk to mitigate human-carnivore conflict.” Ecology and Evolution 5.6 (2015): 1354-1367. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1440
  • Book Chapter
    Burghardt, K. T. and O. J. Schmitz. “Influence of plant defenses and nutrients on tropic control of ecosystems.” Trophic Ecology: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Interactions across Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems. Ed. T. C. Hanley and K. J. La Pierre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. 203-232. Link
  • Journal Article
    Smith, L. M. and O. J. Schmitz. “Invasive plants may promote predator-mediated feedback that inhibits further invasion.” Ecology and Evolution 5.12 (2015): 2411-2419. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1525
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., J. J. Lawler, P. Beier, C. Groves, G. Knight, D. A. Boyce, J. Bulluck, K. M. Johnston, M. L. Klein, K. Muller, D. J. Pierce, W. R. Singleton, J. R. Strittholt, D. M. Theobald, S. C. Trombulak, and A. Trainor. “Conserving Biodiversity: Practical Guidance about Climate Change Adaptation Approaches in Support of Land-use Planning.” Natural Areas Journal 35.1 (2015): 190-203. DOI: 10.3375/043.035.0120
  • Journal Article
    Fortin, D., P.-L. Buono, O. J. Schmitz, N. Courbin, C. Losier, M.-H. St-Laurent, P. Drapeau, S. Heppell, C. Dussault, V. Brodeur, and J. Mainguy. “A spatial theory for characterizing predator - multiprey interactions in heterogeneous landscapes.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 282.1812 (2015): 99-108. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0973
  • Journal Article
    Buchkowski, R. W. and O. J. Schmitz. “Detritivores ameliorate the enhancing effect of plant-based trophic cascades on nitrogen cycling in an old-field system.” Biology Letters 11.4 (2015): 20141048. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.1048
  • Journal Article
    Buchkowski, R. W., O. J. Schmitz, and M. A. Bradford. “Microbial stoichiometry overrides biomass as a regulator of soil carbon and nitrogen cycling.” Ecology 96.4 (2015): 1139-1149. DOI: 10.1890/14-1327.1
  • 2014

  • Journal Article
    Sergio, F., O. J. Schmitz, C. J. Krebs, R. D. Holt, M. R. Heithaus, A. J. Wirsing, W. J. Ripple, E. Ritchie, D. Ainley, D. Oro, Y. Jhala, F. Hiraldo, and E. Korpimäki. “Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective.” Oikos 123.10 (2014): 1234-1243. DOI: 10.1111/oik.01468
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., P. A. Raymond, J. A. Estes, W. A. Kurz, G. W. Holtgrieve, M. E. Ritchie, D. E. Schindler, A. C. Spivak, R. W. Wilson, M. A. Bradford, V. Christensen, L. Deegan, V. Smetacek, M. J. Vanni, and C. C. Wilmers. “Animating the Carbon Cycle.” Ecosystems 17.2 (2014): 344-359. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9715-7
  • Journal Article
    Ko, C-Y., O. J. Schmitz, M. Barbet-Massin, and W. Jetz. “Dietary guild composition and disaggregation of avian assemblages under climate change.” Global Change Biology 20.3 (2014): 790-802. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12419
  • Journal Article
    Szénási, Á., Z. Pálinkás, M. Zalai, O. J. Schmitz, and A. Balog. “Short-term effects of different genetically modified maize varieties on arthropod food web properties: an experimental field assessment.” Scientific Reports 4 (2014): 5315. DOI: 10.1038/srep05315
  • Journal Article
    Trainor, A. M., O. J. Schmitz, J. S. Ivan, and T. M. Shenk. “Enhancing species distribution modeling by characterizing predator-prey interactions.” Ecological Applications 24.1 (2014): 204-216. DOI: 10.1890/13-0336.1
  • Journal Article
    Miller, J. R. B., J. M. Ament, and O. J. Schmitz. “Fear on the move: predator hunting mode predicts variation in prey mortality and plasticity in prey and spatial response.” Journal of Animal Ecology 83.1 (2014): 214-222. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12111
  • Journal Article
    Ripple, W. J., J. A. Estes, R. L. Beschta, C. C. Wilvers, E. G. Ritchie, M. Hebblewhite, J. Berger, B. Elmhagen, M. Letnic, M. P. Nelson, O. J. Schmitz, D. W. Smith, A. D. Wallach, and A. J. Wirsing. “Status and Ecological Effects of the World's Largest Carnivores.” Science 343.6167 (2014): 151-+. DOI: 10.1126/science.1241484
  • Journal Article
    Trainor, A. M. and O. J. Schmitz. “Infusing considerations of trophic dependencies into species distribution modelling.” Ecology Letters 17.12 (2014): 1507-1517. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12372
  • Journal Article
    Rosenblatt, A. E. and O. J. Schmitz. “Interactive effects of multiple climate change variables on trophic interactions: a meta-analysis.” Climate Change Responses 1 (2014): 8. DOI: 10.1186/s40665-014-0008-y
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. and B. T. Barton. “Climate change effects on behavioral and physiological ecology of predator-prey interactions: Implications for conservation biological control.” Biological Control 75 (2014): 87-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2013.10.001
  • 2013

  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Global climate change and the evolutionary ecology of ecosystem functioning.” Annals of The New York Academy of Sciences 1297 (2013): 61-72. DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12181
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., M. A. Bradford, M. S. Strickland, and D. Hawlena. “Linking Predation Risk, Herbivore Physiological Stress and Microbial Decomposition of Plant Litter.” Journal of Visualized Experiments 73 (2013): e350061. DOI: 10.3791/50061
  • Journal Article
    Balog, A. and O. J. Schmitz. “Predation drives stable coexistence ratios between red and green pea aphid morphs.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26.3 (2013): 545-552. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.12070
  • Journal Article
    Strickland, M. S., D. Hawlena, A. Reese, M. A. Bradford, and O. J. Schmitz. “Trophic cascade alters ecosystem carbon exchange.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110.27 (2013): 11035-11038. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1305191110
  • Journal Article
    Balog, A. and O. J. Schmitz. “Predation Determines Different Selective Pressure on Pea Aphid Host Races in a Complex Agricultural Mosaic.” PLoS ONE 8.2 (2013): e55900. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055900
  • Journal Article
    Barrett, K. J. and O. J. Schmitz. “Effects of Deer Settling Stimulus and Deer Density on Regeneration in a Harvested Southern New England Forest.” International Journal of Forestry Research (2013): 690213. DOI: 10.1155/2013/690213
  • Book Chapter
    Schmitz, O. J. “Terrestrial Food Webs and Vulnerability of the Structure and Functioning of Ecosystems to Climate.” Climate Vulnerability: Understanding and Addressing Threats to Resources. Volume 4: Vulnerability of Ecosystems to Climate. Ed. R. Pielke, T. R. Seastedt, and K. N. Suding Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2013. 213-222. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384703-4.00424-X
  • 2012

  • Journal Article
    Leroux, S. J., D. Hawlena, and O. J. Schmitz. “Predation risk, stoichiometric plasticity and ecosystem elemental cycling.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 279.1745 (2012): 4183-4191. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1315
  • Journal Article
    Johnston, K. M., K. A. Freund, and O. J. Schmitz. “Projected range shifting by montane mammals under climate change: implications for Cascadia’s National Parks.” Ecosphere 3.11 (2012): 97. DOI: 10.1890/ES12-00077.1
  • Journal Article
    Hawlena, D., M. S. Strickland, M. A. Bradford, and O. J. Schmitz. “Fear of Predation Slows Plant-Litter Decomposition.” Science 336.6087 (2012): 1434-1438. DOI: 10.1126/science.1220097
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Restoration of Ailing Wetlands.” PLoS Biology 10.1 (2012): e1001248. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001248
  • Book Chapter
    Trussell, G. R. and O. J. Schmitz. “Species functional traits, trophic control and the ecosystem consequences of adaptive foraging in the middle of food chains.” Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions: Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives. Ed. T. Ohgushi, O. J. Schmitz, and R. D. Holt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. 324-338. Link
  • Edited Book
    Ohgushi, T., O. J. Schmitz, and R. D. Holt. Trait-Mediated Indirect Interactions: Ecological and Evolutionary Perspectives. Ed. T. Ohgushi, O. J. Schmitz, and R. D. Holt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Link
  • 2011

  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. and J. R. Price. “Convergence of trophic interaction strengths in grassland food webs through metabolic scaling of herbivore biomass.” Journal of Animal Ecology 80.6 (2011): 1330-1336. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01882.x
  • Journal Article
    Cahn, M. L., M. M. Conner, O. J. Schmitz, T. R. Stephenson, J. D. Weihausen, and H. E. Johnson. “Disease, population viability, and recovery of endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep.” Journal of Wildlife Management 78.8 (2011): 1753-1766. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.232
  • Journal Article
    Warren, R. J., D. K. Skelly, O. J. Schmitz, and M. A. Bradford. “Universal ecological patterns in college basketball communities.” PLoS ONE 6.3 (2011): e17342. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017342
  • Journal Article
    Calcagno, V., C. Sun, O. J. Schmitz, and M. Loreau. “Keystone Predation and Plant Species Coexistence: The Role of Carnivore Hunting Mode.” The American Naturalist 177.1 (2011): E1-E13. DOI: 10.1086/657436
  • Journal Article
    Hawlena, D., H. Kress, E. Dufresne, and O. J. Schmitz. “Grasshoppers alter jumping biomechanics to enhance escape performance under chronic risk of spider predation.” Functional Ecology 25.1 (2011): 279-288. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2010.01767.x
  • Journal Article
    Milakovsky, B., B. R. Frey, M. S. Ashton, B. C. Larson, and O. J. Schmitz. “Influences of gap position, vegetation management and herbivore control on survival and growth of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) seedlings.” Forest Ecology and Management 261.3 (2011): 440-446. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.10.029
  • Journal Article
    Hawlena, D., K. M. Hughes, and O. J. Schmitz. “Trophic trait plasticity in response to changes in resource availability and predation risk.” Functional Ecology 25.6 (2011): 1223-1231. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2011.01891.x
  • 2010

  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., D. Hawlena, and G. C. Trussell. “Predator control of ecosystem nutrient dynamics.” Ecology Letters 13.10 (2010): 1199-1209. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01511.x
  • Journal Article
    Hawlena, D. and O. J. Schmitz. “Physiological Stress as a Fundamental Mechanism Linking Predation to Ecosystem Functioning.” The American Naturalist. 176.5 (2010): 537-556. DOI: 10.1086/656495
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Spatial Dynamics and Ecosystem Functioning.” PLoS Biology 8.5 (2010): e1000378. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000378
  • Journal Article
    Hawlena, D. and O. J. Schmitz. “Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamics.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107.35 (2010): 15503-15507. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1009300107
  • Journal Article
    Rutherford, A. C. and O. J. Schmitz. “Regional-Scale Assessment of Deer Impacts on Vegetation within Western Connecticut, USA.” Journal of Wildlife Management 74.6 (2010): 1257-1263. DOI: 10.1111/j.1937-2817.2010.tb01246.x
  • Book
    Schmitz, O. J. Resolving Ecosystem Complexity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010. Link
  • 2009

  • Journal Article
    Barton, B. T., A. P. Beckerman, and O. J. Schmitz. “Climate warming strengthens indirect interactions in an old-field food web.” Ecology 90.9 (2009): 2346-2351. DOI: 10.1890/08-2254.1
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz., O. J. “Effects of predator functional diversity on grassland ecosystem function.” Ecology 90.9 (2009): 2339-2345. DOI: 10.1890/08-1919.1
  • Journal Article
    Jones, H. P. and O. J. Schmitz. “Rapid recovery of damaged ecosystems.” PLoS ONE 4.5 (2009): e5653. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005653
  • Journal Article
    Barton, B. T. and O. J. Schmitz. “Experimental warming transforms multiple predator effects in a grassland food web.” Ecology Letters 12.12 (2009): 1317-1325. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01386.x
  • Book Chapter
    Schmitz, O. J. “Perspectives on Sustainability of Ecosystem Services and Functions.” Linkages of Sustainability. Ed. T. E. Graedel and E. van der Voet. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009. DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0003
  • Book Chapter
    Seto, K. C., R. de Groot, S. Bringezu, K. Erb, T. E. Graedel, N. Ramankutty, A. Reenberg, O. J. Schmitz, and D. L. Skole. “Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Land.” Linkages of Sustainability. Ed. T. E. Graedel and E. van der Voet. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009. 72-95. DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0005
  • 2008

  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J., J. H. Grabowski, B. L. Peckarsky, E. L. Preisser, G. C. Trussell, and J. R. Vonesh. “From individuals to ecosystems: Toward an integration of evolutionary and ecosystem ecology.” Ecology 89.9 (2008): 2436-2445. DOI: 10.1890/07-1030.1
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Predators avoiding predation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105.39 (2008): 14749-14750. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0808033105
  • Journal Article
    Peckarsky, B. L., P. A. Abrams, D. Bolnick, J. H. Grabowski, B. Luttbeg, J. L. Orrock, S. D. Peacor, E. L. Preisser, O. J. Schmitz,and G. C. Trussell. “Revisiting the Classics: Considering non-consumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions.” Ecology 89.9 (2008): 2416-2425. DOI: 10.1890/07-1131.1
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Effects of Predator Hunting Mode on Grassland Ecosystem Function.” Science 319.5865 (2008): 952-954. DOI: 10.1126/science.1152355
  • Journal Article
    Filin, I., O. J. Schmitz, and O. Ovadia. “Consequences of individual size variation for survival of an insect herbivore: an analytical model and experimental field testing using the red-legged grasshopper.” Journal of Orthoptera Research 17.2 (2008): 283-291. DOI: 10.1665/1082-6467-17.2.283
  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Herbivory from Individuals to Ecosystems.” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 39 (2008): 133-152. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.39.110707.173418
  • 2007

  • Journal Article
    Schmitz, O. J. “Predator diversity and trophic interactions.” Ecology 88.10 (2007): 2415-2426. DOI: 10.1890/06-0937.1
  • Journal Article
    Preisser, E. L., J. L. Orrock, and O. J. Schmitz. “Predator hunting mode and habitat domain alter non-consumptive effects in predator–prey interactions.” Ecology 88.11 (2007): 2744-2751. DOI: 10.1890/07-0260.1
  • Book
    Schmitz, O. J. Ecology and Ecosystem Conservation. Washington DC: Island Press, 2007. Link
  • Journal Article
    Ovadia, O., H. zu Dohna, G. Booth, and O. J. Schmitz. “Consequences of body size variation among herbivores on the strength of plant-herbivore interactions in a seasonal environment.” Ecological Modelling 206.1-2 (2007): 119-130. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.03.022