Thomas E. Graedel

Clifton R. Musser Professor Emeritus of Industrial Ecology, Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering

 
Publications (BETA)

This is a PARTIAL listing of recent publications, and it will continue to grow as we populate our publications database.

2017

  • Journal Article
    Harumain, Z. A. S., H. L. Parker, A. M. Garcia, M. J. Austin, C. Ro. McElroy, A. J. Hunt, J. H. Clark, J. A. Meech, C. W. N. Anderson, L. Ciacci, T. E. Graedel, N. C. Bruce, and E. L. Rylott. “Toward Financially Viable Phytoextraction and Production of Plant-Based Palladium Catalysts.” Environmental Science & Technology 51.5 (2017): 2992-3000. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04821
  • Journal Article
    Yellishetty, M., D. Huston, T. E. Graedel, T. T. Werner, B. K. Reck, and G. M. Mudd. “Quantifying the potential for recoverable resources of gallium, germanium and antimony as companion metals in Australia.” Ore Geology Reviews 82 (2017): 148-159. DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.11.020
  • 2016

  • Journal Article
    Ciacci, L., E.M. Harper, N.T. Nassar, B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. . “Metal dissipation and inefficient recycling intensify climate forcing.” Environmental Science & Technology 50.20 (2016): 11394-11402. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b02714
  • Journal Article
    Elshkaki, A., T.E. Graedel, L. Ciacci, and B.K. Reck. “Copper demand, supply, and associated energy use to 2050.” Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 39 (2016): 305-315. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.006
  • Journal Article
    Chen, M. and T. E. Graedel. “A half-century of global phosphorus flows, stocks, production, consumption, recycling, and environmental impacts.” Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 36 (2016): 139-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.12.005
  • Journal Article
    Ciacci, L., P. Nuss, B. K. Reck, T. T. Werner, and T. E. Graedel. “Metal criticality determination for Australia, the US, and the planet – comparing 2008 and 2012 results.” Resources-Basel 5.4 (2016): 29. DOI: 10.3390/resources5040029
  • Journal Article
    Panousi, S., E.M. Harper, P. Nuss, M.J. Eckelman, A. Hakimian, and T.E. Graedel. . “Criticality of Seven Speciality Metals.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 20.4 (2016): 837-853. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12295
  • Journal Article
    Chen, W.-Q., T.E. GraedelP. Nuss, and H. Ohno. “Building the Material Flow Networks of Aluminum in the 2007 U.S. Economy.” Environmental Science & Technology 50.7 (2016): 3905-3912. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05095
  • Journal Article
    Ohno, H., P. NussW.-Q. Chen, and T.E. Graedel. “Deriving the Metal and Alloy Networks of Modern Technology.” Environmental Science & Technology 50.7 (2016): 4082-4090. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05093
  • Journal Article
    Nuss, P., W.Q. Chen, H. Ohno, and T.E. Graedel. “Structural Investigation of Aluminum in the US Economy using Network Analysis.” Environmental Science & Technology 50.7 (2016): 4091-4101. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05094
  • Book Chapter
    Graedel, T. E. and R. J. Lifset. “Industrial Ecology's First Decade.” Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology. Ed. R. Clift and A. Druckman. New York: Springer International Publishing, 2016. 3-20. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20571-7_1
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E. and B. K. Reck. “Six Years of Criticality Assessments: What Have We Learned So Far?.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 20.4 (2016): 692-699. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12305
  • 2015

  • Journal Article
    Elshkaki, A.,and T. E. Graedel. “Solar cell metals and their hosts: A tale of oversupply and undersupply.” Applied Energy 158 (2015): 167-177. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.066
  • Journal Article
    Chen, W.-Q., and T. E. Graedel. . “In-use product stocks link manufactured capital to natural capital.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112.20 (2015): 6265-6270. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406866112
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., E. M. Harper, N. T. Nassar, and B. K. Reck. . “On the materials basis of modern society.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112.20 (2015): 6295-6300. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1312752110
  • Journal Article
    Chen, W.Q. and T.E. Graedel. “Improved Alternatives for Estimating In-Use Material Stocks.” Environmental Science & Technology 49.5 (2015): 3048-3055. DOI: 10.1021/es504353s
  • Journal Article
    Harper, E.M., Z. Diao, S. Panousi, P. Nuss, M.J. Eckelman, and T.E. Graedel. “The criticality of four nuclear energy metals.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 95 (2015): 193-201. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.12.009
  • Journal Article
    Nassar, N. T.,X. Du, and T. E. Graedel. . “Criticality of the Rare Earth Elements.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 19.6 (2015): 1044-1054. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12237
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., E. M. Harper, N. T. Nassar, P. Nuss and B. K. Reck. “Criticality of metals and metalloids.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112.14 (2015): 4257-4262. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1500415112
  • Journal Article
    Harper, E. M., G. Kavlak, L. Burmeister, M. J. Eckelman, S. Erbis, V. S. Espinoza, P. Nuss, and T. E. Graedel. “Criticality of the Geological Zinc, Tin, and Lead Family.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 19.4 (2015): 628-644. DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12213
  • Journal Article
    Weisz, H., S. Suh and T. E. Graedel. “Industrial Ecology: The role of manufactured capital in sustainability.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112.20 (2015): 6260-6264. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1506532112
  • Journal Article
    Ciacci, L., B. K. Reck, N. T. Nassar and T. E. Graedel. “Lost by Design.” Environmental Science & Technology 49.16 (2015): 9443-9451. DOI: 10.1021/es505515z
  • Book Section
    Graedel, T. E. and N. T. Nassar. “The criticality of metals: a perspective for geologists.” Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth. Ed. Jenkin, G. R. T. Lusty, P. A. J. McDonald, I. Smith, M. P. Boyce, A. J. Wilkinson, J. J. London: Geological Society, 2015. 291-302. DOI: 10.1144/sp393.4
  • Journal Article
    Chen, M. P. and T. E. Graedel. “The potential for mining trace elements from phosphate rock.” Journal of Cleaner Production 91 (2015): 337-346.. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.12.042
  • 2014

  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., and P. Nuss. “Employing Considerations of Criticality in Product Design.” JOM 66.11 (2014): 2360-2366. DOI: 10.1007/s11837-014-1188-4
  • Journal Article
    Hunt, A.J., C.W.N. Anderson, N. Bruce, A.M. Garcia, T.E. Graedel, M. Hodson, J.A. Meech, N.T. Nassar, H.L. Parker, E.L. Rylott, K. Sotiriou, Q. Zhang, and J.H. Clark. “Phytoextraction as a tool for green chemistry.” Green Processing and Synthesis 3.1 (2014): 3-22. DOI: 10.1515/gps-2013-0103
  • Journal Article
    Elshkaki, A. and T.E. Graedel. “Dysprosium, the balance problem, and wind power technology.” Applied Energy 136 (2014): 548-559. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.09.064
  • Journal Article
    Nuss, P., E.M. Harper, N.T. Nassar, B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. “Criticality of Iron and Its Principal Alloying Elements.” Environmental Science & Technology 48.7 (2014): 4171-4177. DOI: 10.1021/es405044w
  • Journal Article
    Eckelman, M. J., L. Ciacci, G. Kavlak, P. Nuss, B. K. Reck and T. E. Graedel. “Life cycle carbon benefits of aerospace alloy recycling.” Journal of Cleaner Production 80 (2014): 38-45.. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.039
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., D. Swackhamer, R. Anex, W. F. Carroll, G. T. Daigger, P. Ferrao, H. Frumkin, S. Katzen, A. Palmisano, S. Polasky, L. Scarlett, R. Stephens and L. Zeise. “Sustainability for the Nation: Resource Connections and Governance Linkages.” Environmental Science & Technology 48.13 (2014): 7197-7199.. DOI: 10.1021/es502328v
  • 2013

  • Journal Article
    Elshkaki, A. and T. E. Graedel. “Dynamic analysis of the global metals flows and stocks in electricity generation technologies.” Journal of Cleaner Production 59 (2013): 260-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.07.003
  • Journal Article
    Kavlak, G., and T.E. Graedel. “Global anthropogenic selenium cycles for 1940-2010.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 73 (2013): 17-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.01.013
  • Journal Article
    Kavlak, G. and T. E. Graedel . “Global anthropogenic tellurium cycles for 1940-2010.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 76 (2013): 21-26.. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.04.007
  • Journal Article
    Mudd, G., Z. Weng, S.M. Jowitt, I.D. Turnbull, and T.E. Graedel. “Quantifying the recoverable resources of by-product metals: The case of cobalt.” Ore Geology Reviews 55 (2013): 87-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2013.04.010
  • Book
    Graedel T. E. et al. Sustainability for the Nation: Resource Connections and Governance Linkages. Ed. National Research Council; Policy and Global Affairs; Science and Technology for Sustainability Program; Committee on Sustainability Linkages in the Federal Government Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2013. DOI: 10.17226/13471
  • Journal Article
    Greenfield, A. and T. E. Graedel . “The omnivorous diet of modern technology.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 74 (2013): 1-7.. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.02.010
  • Journal Article
    Du, X. Y. and T. E. Graedel. “Uncovering the end uses of the rare earth elements.” Science of the Total Environment 461 (2013): 781-784. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.02.099
  • 2012

  • Journal Article
    Chen, W. Q. and T. E. Graedel. “Dynamic analysis of aluminum stocks and flows in the United States: 1900-2009.” Ecological Economics 81 (2012): 92-102. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.06.008
  • Book Chapter
    Larson, C., J. Chatellier, R. Lifset, and T. Graedel. “Role of Forest Products in the Global Carbon Cycle: From the Forest to Final Disposal.” Managing Forest Carbon in a Changing Climate. Ed. M. S. Ashton, M. L. Tyrrell, D. Spalding, and B. Gentry. New York: Springer International Publishing, 2012. 257-282. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2232-3_12
  • Journal Article
    Nassar, N. T., R. Barr, M. Browning, Z. W. Diao, E. Friedlander, E. M. Harper, C. Henly, G. Kavlak, S. Kwatra, C. Jun, S. Warren, M. Y. Yang and T. E. Graedel. “Criticality of the Geological Copper Family.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1071-1078. DOI: 10.1021/es203535w
  • Journal Article
    Chen, W. Q. and T. E. Graedel. “Anthropogenic Cycles of the Elements: A Critical Review.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.16 (2012): 8574-8586. DOI: 10.1021/es3010333
  • Journal Article
    Reck, B. K. and T. E. Graedel . “Challenges in Metal Recycling.” Science 337.6095 (2012): 690-695. DOI: 10.1126/science.1217501
  • Journal Article
    Eckelman M.J., B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. “Exploring the global journey of resources with Markov models.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 16.3 (2012): 334–342. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00425.x
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E. and L. Erdmann. “Will metal scarcity impede routine industrial use?.” MRS Bulletin 37.4 (2012): 325-331. DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2012.34
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., R. Barr, C. Chandler, T. Chase, J. Choi, L. Christoffersen, E. Friedlander, C. Henly, C. Jun, N. T. Nassar, D. Schechner, S. Warren, M. Y. Yang and C. Zhu. “Methodology of Metal Criticality Determination.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1063-1070.. DOI: 10.1021/es203534z
  • Journal Article
    Harper, E. M., G. Kavlak and T. E. Graedel. “Tracking the Metal of the Goblins: Cobalt's Cycle of Use.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1079-1086. DOI: 10.1021/es201874e
  • 2011

  • Journal Article
    Erdmann, L. and T. E. Graedel. “Criticality of Non-Fuel Minerals: A Review of Major Approaches and Analyses.” Environmental Science & Technology 45.18 (2011): 7620-7630. DOI: 10.1021/es200563g
  • Journal Article
    Du, X. Y. and T. E. Graedel . “Uncovering the Global Life Cycles of the Rare Earth Elements.” Nature Scientific Reports 1 (2011): 145. DOI: 10.1038/srep00145
  • Journal Article
    Du, X. Y. and T. E. Graedel. “Global In-Use Stocks of the Rare Earth Elements: A First Estimate.” Environmental Science and Technology 45.9 (2011): 4096-4101. DOI: 10.1021/es102836s
  • Journal Article
    Fuse, M., E. Yamasue, B. K. Reck and T. E. Graedel . “Regional development or resource preservation? A perspective from Japanese appliance exports.” Ecological Economics 70.4 (2011): 788-797. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.11.017
  • Journal Article
    Du, X. Y. and T. E. Graedel. “Global Rare Earth In-Use Stocks in NdFeB Permanent Magnets.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 15.6 (2011): 836-843. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00362.x
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E. “On the Future Availability of the Energy Metals.” Annual Review of Materials Research 41 (2011): 323-335. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-matsci-062910-095759
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E., J. Allwood, J. P. Birat, M. Buchert, C. Hageluken, B. K. Reck, S. F. Sibley and G. Sonnemann. “What Do We Know About Metal Recycling Rates?.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 15.3 (2011): 355-366.. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00342.x
  • 2010

  • Journal Article
    Wang, J. L. and T. E. Graedel. “Aluminum in-use stocks in China: a bottom-up study.” Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 12.1 (2010): 66-82. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-009-0271-3
  • Journal Article
    Reck, B. K., M. Chambon, S. Hashimoto and T. E. Graedel. “Global Stainless Steel Cycle Exemplifies China's Rise to Metal Dominance.” Environmental Science & Technology 44.10 (2010): 3940–3946. DOI: 10.1021/es903584q
  • Book
    Graedel T. E. and E. van der Voet. Industrial Ecology and Sustainable Engineering. Ed. Graedel T. E. and E. van der Voet Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 2010. Link
  • Journal Article
    Graedel, T. E. and J. Cao. “Metal spectra as indicators of development.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. 107.49 (2010): 20905-20910. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1011019107
  • 2009

  • Journal Article
    Mao, J. S., J. Cao and T. E. Graedel. “Losses to the environment from the multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead.” Environmental Pollution 157.10 (2009): 2670-2677. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.05.003
  • Journal Article
    Fiksel, J., T. Graedel, A. D. Hecht, D. Rejeski, G. S. Sayler, P. M. Senge, D. L. Swackhamer and T. L. Theis. “EPA at 40: Bringing Environmental Protection into the 21st Century.” Environmental Science & Technology 43.23 (2009): 8716-8720. DOI: 10.1021/es901653f
  • Journal Article
    Mao, J. S. and T. E. Graedel . “Lead In-Use Stock.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 13.1 (2009): 112-126. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2009.00109.x
  • Book
    Graedel T. E. and E. van der Voet. Linkages of Sustainability. Ed. Graedel T.E. and E. van der Voet Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009. DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.001.0001
  • Book Chapter
    Seto, K. C., de Groot, R., Bringezu, S., Erb, K., Graedel, T. E., Ramankutty, N., Reenberg, A., Schmitz, O. J., Skole, D. L. “Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Land.” Linkages of Sustainability. Ed. Thomas E. Graedel and Ester van der Voet Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009. 72-95. DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262013581.003.0005
  • 2008

  • Journal Article
    Wang, T., J. Mao, J. Johnson, B. K. Reck and T. E. Graedel. “Anthropogenic metal cycles in China.” Material Cycles and Waste Management 10.2 (2008): 188-197. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-008-0203-7
  • Journal Article
    Harper, E. M. and T. E. Graedel . “Illuminating tungsten's life cycle in the United States: 1975-2000.” Environmental Science & Technology 42.10 (2008): 3835-3842. DOI: 10.1021/es070646s
  • Journal Article
    Reck, B. K., D. B. Muller, K. Rostkowski and T. E. Graedel. “Anthropogenic nickel cycle: Insights into use, trade, and recycling.” Environmental Science & Technology 42.9 (2008): 3394-3400. DOI: 10.1021/es072108l
  • Journal Article
    Recalde, K., J. L. Wang and T. E. Graedel. “Aluminium in-use stocks in the state of Connecticut.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 52.11 (2008): 1271-1282. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.07.006
  • Journal Article
    Mao, J. S., J. Dong and T. E. Graedel. “The multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead I. Methodology.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 52.8-9 (2008): 1058-1064. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.04.004
  • Journal Article
    Mao, J. S., J. Dong and T. E. Graedel. “The multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead II. Results and discussion.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 52.8-9 (2008): 1050-1057.. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.04.005
  • Journal Article
    Johnson, J. and T. E. Graedel. “The "Hidden" Trade of Metals in the United States.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 12.5-6 (2008): 739-753. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2008.00092.x
  • Journal Article
    Gerst, M. D. and T. E. Graedel . “In-use stocks of metals: Status and implications.” Environmental Science & Technology 42.19 (2008): 7038-7045. DOI: 10.1021/es800420p
  • Journal Article
    Johnson, J., B. K. Reck, T. Wang and T. E. Graedel. “The energy benefit of stainless steel recycling.” Energy Policy 36.1 (2008): 181-192. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.08.028
  • 2007

  • Journal Article
    Rostkowski, K., J. Rauch, K. Drakonakis, B. Reck, R. B. Gordon and T. E. Graedel. “"Bottom-up" study of in-use nickel stocks in New Haven, CT.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 50.1 (2007): 58-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.05.009
  • Journal Article
    van Beers, D., A. Kapur and T. E. Graedel. “Copper and zinc recycling in Australia: potential quantities and policy options.” Journal of Cleaner Production 15.8-9 (2007): 862-877. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.06.023
  • Journal Article
    J. Johnson, E.M. Harper, R. Lifset, and T.E. Graedel. “Dining at the periodic table: Metals concentrations as they relate to recycling.” Environmental Science & Technology 41.5 (2007): 1759-1765. DOI: 10.1021/es060736h
  • Journal Article
    Rauch, J. N. and T. E. Graedel. “Earth's anthrobiogeochemical copper cycle.” Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21.2 (2007): GB2010. DOI: 10.1029/2006gb002850
  • Journal Article
    Wang, T., D. B. Muller and T. E. Graedel. “Forging the anthropogenic iron cycle.” Environmental Science & Technology 41.14 (2007): 5120-5129. DOI: 10.1021/es062761t
  • Journal Article
    Drakonakis, K., K. Rostkowski, J. Rauch, T. E. Graedel and R. B. Gordon. “Metal capital sustaining a North American City: Iron and copper in New Haven, CT.” Resources Conservation and Recycling 49.4 (2007): 406-420. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.05.005
  • Journal Article
    Gordon, R. B., M. Bertram and T. E. Graedel. “On the sustainability of metal supplies: A response to Tilton and Lagos.” Resources Policy 32.1-2 (2007): 24-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2007.04.002
  • Journal Article
    Eckelman, M. J. and T. E. Graedel. “Silver emissions and their environmental impacts: A multilevel assessment.” Environmental Science & Technology 41.17 (2007): 6283-6289. DOI: 10.1021/es062970d
  • Journal Article
    van Beers, D. and T. E. Graedel . “Spatial characterisation of multi-level in-use copper and zinc stocks in Australia.” Journal of Cleaner Production 15.8-9 (2007): 849-861. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.06.022