Thomas E. Graedel

Clifton R. Musser Professor of Industrial Ecology, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Professor of Geology and Geophysics, and Director of the Center for Industrial Ecology

 
Publications (BETA)

This is a PARTIAL listing of recent publications, and it will continue to grow as we populate our publications database.

2014

  • Journal Article
     
    Hunt, A.J., C.W.N. Anderson, N. Bruce, A.M. Garcia, T.E. Graedel, M. Hodson, J.A. Meech, N.T. Nassar, H.L. Parker, E.L. Rylott, K. Sotiriou, Q. Zhang, and J.H. Clark. “Phytoextraction as a tool for green chemistry.” Green Processing and Synthesis 3.1 (2014): 3-22. DOI: 10.1515/gps-2013-0103
  • Journal Article
     
    Nuss, P., E.M. Harper, N.T. Nassar, B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. “Criticality of Iron and Its Principal Alloying Elements.” Environmental Science & Technology 48.7 (2014): 4171-4177. DOI: 10.1021/es405044w
  • 2013

  • Journal Article
     
    Elshkaki, A.; Graedel, T.E. “Dynamic analysis of the global metals flows and stocks in electricity generation technologies.” Journal of Cleaner Production 59 (2013): 260-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.07.003
  • Journal Article
     
    Kavlak, G., and T.E. Graedel. “Global anthropogenic selenium cycles for 1940-2010.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 73 (2013): 17-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2013.01.013
  • Journal Article
     
    Mudd, G., Z. Weng, S.M. Jowitt, I.D. Turnbull, and T.E. Graedel. “Quantifying the recoverable resources of by-product metals: The case of cobalt.” Ore Geology Reviews 55 (2013): 87-98. DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2013.04.010
  • 2012

  • Journal Article
     
    Chen WQ and Graedel TE. “Dynamic analysis of aluminum stocks and flows in the Unites States: 1900-2009.” Ecological Economics 81 (2012): 92-102. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.06.008
  • Journal Article
     
    N. Nassar, T.E. Graedel and 12 student collaborators. “The criticality of the geological copper family.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1071-1078. DOI: 10.1021/es203535w
  • Journal Article
     
    .E. Graedel and 13 student collaborators. “The methodology of metal criticality.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1063-1070. DOI: 10.1021/es203534z
  • Journal Article
     
    Chen WQ and Graedel TE. “Anthropogenic Cycles of the Elements: A Critical Review.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.16 (2012): 8574-8586. DOI: 10.1021/es3010333
  • Journal Article
     
    Reck BK and Graedel TE. “Challenges in Metal Recycling. Science.” Science 337.6095 (2012): 690-695. DOI: 10.1126/science.1217501
  • Journal Article
     
    Eckelman M.J., B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. “Exploring the global journey of resources with Markov models.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 16.3 (2012): 334–342. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00425.x
  • Journal Article
     
    T.E. Graedel and L. Erdmann. “Will metal scarcity impede routine industrial use?.” MRS Bulletin 37.4 (2012): 325-331. DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2012.34
  • Journal Article
     
    E.M. Harper and T.E. Graedel. “Tracking the metal of the goblins: Cobalt’s cycle of use.” Environmental Science & Technology 46.2 (2012): 1079-1086. DOI: 10.1021/es201874e
  • 2011

  • Journal Article
     
    L. Erdman and T.E. Graedel. “The criticality of non-fuel minerals: A review of major approaches and analysis.” Environmental Science & Technology 45.18 (2011): 7620-7630. DOI: 10.1021/es200563g
  • Journal Article
     
    X. Du and T.E. Graedel. “Uncovering the global life cycles of the rare earth elements.” Nature Scientific Reports 1 (2011): 145. DOI: 10.1038/srep00145
  • Journal Article
     
    X. Du and T.E. Graedel. “Global in-use stocks of the rare earth elements: A first estimate.” Environmental Science and Technology 45.9 (2011): 4096-4101. DOI: 10.1021/es102836s
  • Journal Article
     
    Fuse, M., Yamasue, E., Reck, B. K., and Graedel, T. E. “Regional Development or Resource Preservation? A Perspective from Japanese Appliance Exports.” Ecological Economics 70.4 (2011): 788-797. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2010.11.017
  • Journal Article
     
    X. Du and T.E. Graedel. “Global rare earth in-use stocks in NdFeB permanent magnets.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 15.6 (2011): 836-843. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00362.x
  • Journal Article
     
    T.E. Graedel. “On the future availability of the energy metals.” Annual Review of Materials Research 41 (2011): 323-335. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-matsci-062910-095759
  • Journal Article - In Press
     
    Fuse, Masaake, Eiji Yamasue, Barbara K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel.. “Regional Development or Resource Preservation? A Perspective from Japanese Appliance Exports..” Ecological Economics. (2011).
  • Journal Article
     
    T.E. Graedel,. “The prospects for urban mining.” The Bridge 41.1 (2011): 43-50.
  • 2010

  • Journal Article
     
    Jinlong Wang and T.E. Graedel. “Aluminium in-use stocks in China: A bottom-up study.” Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 12.1 (2010): 66-82. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-009-0271-3
  • Journal Article - In Press
     
    Du, Xiaoyue and T.E. Graedel.. “Global In-Use Stocks of the Rare Earth Elements: A First Estimate..” Environmental Science & Technology. (2010).
  • Journal Article
     
    Reck, B., M. Chambon, S. Hashimoto, & T. E. Graedel.. “Global Stainless Steel Cycle Exemplifies China's Rise to Metal Dominance..” Environmental Science, & Technology. 44 (2010): 3940–3946. DOI: 10.1021/es903584q
  • Journal Article
     
    Graedel, T.E. and J. Cao. “Metal Spectra as Indicators of Development..” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States. 107.49 (2010): 20905-20910. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1011019107
  • 2009

  • Journal Article
     
    J.S. Mao, J.Cao, and T.E. Graedel. “Losses to the environment from the multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead.” Environmental Pollution 10 (2009): 2670-2677. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.05.003
  • Journal Article
     
    J. Fiksel, T.E. Graedel, A.D. Hecht, G.S. Sayler, P.M. Senge, D.L. Swackhamer, and T. Theis. “EPA at 40: Bringing environmental protection into the 21st century.” Environmental Science & Technology 43.23 (2009): 8716-8720.
  • Journal Article
     
    J.S. Mao and T.E. Graedel. “Lead in-use stock: A dynamic analysis.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 13.1 (2009): 112-126. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2009.00109.x
  • Book Chapter
     
    Seto, K. C., de Groot, R., Bringezu, S., Erb, K., Graedel, T. E., Ramankutty, N., Reenberg, A., Schmitz, O. J., Skole, D. L. “Stocks, Flows, and Prospects of Land, in Linkages of Sustainability.” Ed. Graedel, T. E., van der Voet, E MIT Press, 2009.
  • 2008

  • Journal Article
     
    T. Wang, J. Mao, J. Johnson, B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel. “Anthropogenic metal cycles in China.” Material Cycles and Waste Management 10 (2008): 188-197. DOI: 10.1007/s10163-008-0203-7
  • Journal Article
     
    E.M. Harper and T.E. Graedel. “Illuminating tungsten’s life cycle in the United States: 1975 to 2000.” Environmental Science & Technology 42.10 (2008): 3835-3842. DOI: 10.1021/es070646s
  • Journal Article
     
    Reck B.K., D.B. Müller, K. Rostkowski, and T.E. Graedel. “The anthropogenic nickel cycle: Insights into use, trade, and recycling.” Environmental Science & Technology 42.9 (2008): 3394-3400. DOI: 10.1021/es072108l
  • Journal Article
     
    K. Recalde, J. Wang, and T.E. Graedel. “Aluminium in-use stocks in the State of Connecticut.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 52 (2008): 1271-1282. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.07.006
  • Journal Article
     
    J.S. Mao, J. Dong, and T.E. Graedel. “The multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead. I. Methodology.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 52.8-9 (2008): 1058-1064. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.04.004
  • Journal Article
     
    J.S. Mao, J. Dong, and T.E. Graedel. “The multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead. II. Results and discussion.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling .8-9 (2008). DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.04.005
  • Journal Article
     
    J. Johnson and T.E. Graedel. “The ‘Hidden Trade’ of metals in the United States.” Journal of Industrial Ecology 12.5-6 (2008): 739-753. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2008.00092.x
  • Journal Article
     
    M.D. Gerst and T.E. Graedel. “In-use stocks of metals: A status report.” Environmental Science & Technology 42 (2008): 7038-7045.
  • Journal Article
     
    J. Johnson, B. Reck, T. Wang, and T.E. Graedel. “The energy benefit of stainless steel recycling.” Energy Policy, 36, 181-192, 2008. 36 (2008): 181-192. DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.08.028
  • 2007

  • Journal Article
     
    K. Rostkowski, J. Rauch, K. Drakonakis, B. Reck, R.b. Grodon, and T.E. Graedel. “Bottom-up’ study of in-use nickel stocks in New Haven, Connecticut.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 50 (2007): 58-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.05.009
  • Journal Article
     
    D. van Beers, A. Kapur, and T.E. Graedel. “Copper and zinc recycling in Australia: Potential quantities and policy options.” Journal of Cleaner Production 15 (2007): 862-877. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.06.023
  • Journal Article
     
    J. Johnson, E.M. Harper, R. Lifset, and T.E. Graedel. “Dining at the periodic table: Metal concentrations as they relate to recycling.” Environmental Science & Technology 41 (2007): 1759-1765. DOI: 10.1021/es060736h
  • Journal Article
     
    J. Rauch and T.E. Graedel. “Earth’s anthrobiogeochemical copper cycle.” Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21.2 (2007): GB2010. DOI: 10.1029/2006GB002850
  • Journal Article
     
    T. Wang, D. Müller and T.E. Graedel. “Forging the anthropogenic iron cycle.” Environmental Science & Technology 41 (2007): 5120-5129.
  • Journal Article
     
    K. Drakonakis, K. Rostkowski, J. Rauch, T.E. Graedel, and R.B. Gordon. “Metal capital sustaining a North American city: Iron and copper in New Haven, Connecticut.” Resources, Conservation, and Recycling 49 (2007): 406-420. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2006.05.005
  • Journal Article
     
    R.B. Gordon, M. Bertram, and T.E. Graedel. “On the sustainability of metal supplies.” Resources Policy 32 (2007): 24-28.
  • Journal Article
     
    M. Eckelman and T.E. Graedel. “Silver emissions and potential hazards: A multi-level assessment.” Environmental Science & Technology 41 (2007): 6238-6289.
  • Journal Article
     
    D. van Beers and T.E. Graedel. “Spatial characterization of multi-level in-use copper and zinc stocks in Australia”, D. van Beers and T.E. Graedel.” Journal of Cleaner Production 15.8-9 (2007): 849-861. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.06.022