Rob Bailis

Associate Professor

Selected Publications

Peer reviewed journal articles

Bailis, R., R. Drigo, et al. (2015). "The Carbon Footprint of Traditional Woodfuels" Nature Climate Change, in press.

Bailis R, BD Solomon, C Moser, T Hildebrandt (2015). “Biofuel Sustainability in Latin America and the Caribbean – A Review of Recent Experiences and Future Prospects”, Biofuels, in press.

Finco MVA, Ribeiro VS, R Bailis (2014). "Biocombustíveis e a Economia Verde Inclusiva: Buscando o Desenvolvimento Regional Sustentável na Amazônia Legal Brasileira", REDES - Revista do Desenvolvimento Regional, 19, p. 130-53

Baka, J. and R Bailis (2014). "Wasteland energy-scapes: A comparative energy flow analysis of India's biofuel and biomass economies", Ecological Economics, 108, p. 8-17.

Huang, Y. and R Bailis (2014). "Foreign policy “trilemmas”—understanding China’s stance on international carbon trading", Climate Policy, in press.

Simon G, R Bailis, J Hyman, A Laurent, and J Baumgartner (2014). "Current debates and future research needs in the clean cookstove sector", Energy for Sustainable Development, 20, p. 49-57.

Dwivedi P, M Khanna, R Bailis, and A Ghilardi (2014). "Potential Greenhouse Gas Benefits of Transatlantic Wood Pellet Trade", Environmental Research Letters9 024007.

van Eijck, J, E. Smeets, H. Romijn, R. Bailis, et al. (2014). "Comparative analysis of key socio-economic and environmental impacts of smallholder and plantation based jatropha biofuel production systems in Tanzania", Biomass and Bioenergy, in press.

Ramirez JS, P Dwivedi, A Ghilardi, R Bailis (2014). Diffusion of non-traditional cookstoves across western Honduras: a social network analysisEnergy Policy, 66 p. 379-389.

Dwivedi, P., R Bailis, and M Khanna (2014). "Is use of both pulpwood and logging residues instead of only logging residues for bioenergy development a viable carbon mitigation strategy?", BioEnergy Research, 7 (1), 217-231.

Bailis, R., G. Kavlak (2013). "The Environmental Implications of Innovations in Jatropha Production in Central-West Brazil." Environmental Science and Technology, 47 (14) , pp. 8042-8050. 

Bailis, R., C. Rujanevich, P. Dwivedi, et al. (2013). "Innovation in charcoal production: a comparative LCA of two kiln technologies in Brazil.Energy for Sustainable Development17 (2), pp. 189-201.

Carneiro de Miranda, R., R. Bailis, et al. (2013). "Cogenerating electricity from charcoaling: a promising new advanced technology.Energy for Sustainable Development, 17 (2), pp. 171-176. 

Ramirez, S., P. Dwivedi, R. Bailis, A. Ghilardi (2012). "Perceptions of stakeholders about nontraditional cookstoves in Honduras", Environmental Research Letters, 7 (4), Available at:

van Gelder, J. W., L. German, and R. Bailis (2012). "Biofuels investments in tropical forest-rich countries: implications for responsible finance" SAMPJ, 3 (2), pp. 134 - 160.

Bailis R, E Yu, (2012)."Environmental and Social Implications of Integrated Seawater Agriculture Systems Producing Salicornia bigelovii for Biofuel" Biofuels, 3 (5): 555-574. 

Mobarak, M., P. Dwivedi, R. Bailis, et al. (2012). “Why are people not adopting improved cooking stoves in rural Bangladesh? Insights from a national surveyPNAS.109 (27): 10815-10820.

Dwivedi, P., R. Bailis, T.S. Nesbit, J.R.R. Alavalapati (2012). “Global warming impact of E85 fuel derived from forest biomass: A case study from Southern United States”. BioEnergy Research. Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 470-480.

Dwivedi, P., R. Bailis, A. Stainback, D. Carter (2012). "Impact of payments for carbon sequestered in wood products and avoided carbon emissions on the profitability of NIPF landowners in the US South." Ecological Economics, Volume 78, June 2012, Pages 63–69.

Dwivedi, P., R. Bailis and D. R. C. A. Sharma (2012). "A landscape-based approach for assessing spatiotemporal impacts of forest biomass-based electricity generation on the age structure of surrounding forest plantations in the Southern United States." Global Change Biology – Bioenergy, Volume 4, Issue 3, pages 342–357.

Bailis, R. and H. McCarthy (2011), “Direct land use change in woodlands converted to biofuel plantations in India and Brazil”, Global Change Biology - Bioenergy, 3(6): 449-460.

Bailis, R. and J. Baka (2011), "Constructing sustainable biofuels: governance of the emerging biofuel economy." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 101 (4): 827-838.

Dwivedi, P., Bailis, R., Bush, T., Marinescu, M. (2011) “Quantifying GHG emissions of wood pellet production in the Southern United States and its subsequent utilization for electricity production in the NetherlandsBioEnergy Research, 4 (3): 180-192.

Bailis, R. and J. Baka (2010). "Greenhouse Gas Emissions And Land Use Change From Jatropha Curcas-Based Jet Fuel In Brazil." Environmental Science and Technology, 44 (22), pp 8684–8691.

Bailis, R. (2009). Modeling carbon flows from charcoal production in southwestern Kenya. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33 (11), 1491-1502.

Bailis, R. (2009). The household energy access challenge. Renewable Energy for Development, 22(1),2-3.

Bailis, R., Cowan, A., et al. (2009). Arresting The Killer In The Kitchen: The Promises and Pitfalls of Commercializing Improved Cookstoves. World Development, 37 (10), 1694-1705.

Bailis, R., V. Berrueta , C. Chengappa, K. Dutta, O. Masera, S. Patara, D. Still, K. Smith, (2007). Performance Testing as a Tool to Monitor Improved Stove Interventions: Experiences of the Shell Foundation’s Household Energy and Health Project. Energy for Sustainable Development. (9) 2, p. 57-70.

Smith, K.R., R. Edwards, K. Shields, R. Bailis, K. Dutta, C. Chengappa, O. Masera, V. Berrueta, (2007). Monitoring and Evaluation of Improved Biomass Cookstove Programs for Indoor Air Quality and Stove Performance: Conclusions from the Household Energy and Health Project. Energy for Sustainable Development. (9) 2, p. 5-18.

Bailis, R. (2006). Climate Change Mitigation and Sustainable Development Through Carbon Sequestration: Experiences in Latin America. Energy for Sustainable Development, 10 (4): p. 74-87.

Bailis R, M Ezzati, and D Kammen (2005). Mortality and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biomass and Petroleum Energy Futures in Africa. Science 308 (5718): p. 98-103.

Bailis, R., M. Ezzati and D. Kammen (2005). The Role of Technology Management in the Dynamics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Household Energy Use in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Environment & Development, 14 (1): 149-174.

Ezzati M, R Bailis, DM Kammen, T Holloway, L Price, LA Cifuentes, B Barnes, A Chaurey, KN Dhanapala, (2004), Energy Systems and Population Health. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 29: 383-419.

Bailis, R., M. Ezzati and D. Kammen (2003). Greenhouse gas implications of household energy technologies in Kenya, Environmental Science and Technology, 37 (10): 2051-2059.

Journal publications - currently under review

Wahl, N., F. Lüdeke-Fruend, and R. Bailis (2015). "Creating a business case for smallholder inclusion: what's in it for businesses and smallholders when cultivating novel perennial crops? Revise and resubmit to World Development

Huang, Y. and R Bailis (2015). "The development of pilot cap-and-trade schemes in China: strategic considerations and remaining challenges", In review at Climate Policy.

Wang, Y. and R Bailis (2015). "The revolution from the kitchen: social processes of the removal of traditional cookstoves in Himachal Pradesh, India", Forthcoming in Energy for Sustainable Development.

Masera OR, Bailis R, Drigo R, Ghilardi A, Ruiz-Mercado I. 2015. "Environmental Burden of Traditional Bioenergy Use". Forthcoming in Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 40.

Books, Book Chapters and Other Publications

Bailis, R (2015) Energy Policy in Developing Countries, in J. Patz and B. Levy, Eds, “Climate Change and Public Health”, Oxford University Press, forthcoming. 

Solomon, B. D. and R. Bailis, Eds. (2014). Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York, Springer.

Includes three chapter contributions:

Solomon, B. D. and R. Bailis (2014). Introduction. Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean. Eds. B. D. Solomon and R. Bailis, Springer New York: 1-26.

Moser, C., T. Hildebrandt, R. Bailis. (2014). International Sustainability Standards and Certification. Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean. Eds. B. D. Solomon and R. Bailis, Springer: 27-69.

Bailis, R. (2014). Brazil: Biodiesel. Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean. Eds. B. D. Solomon and R. Bailis, Springer: 103-126.

M. V. Finco and R. Bailis, Eds. (2014), Agroenergia e stakeholders na Amazônia Legal Brasileira: Teoria e PráticaRio de Janeiro, Publit.

Includes two chapter contributions:

Bailis, R (2014). Oil seeds and agroenergy in Brazil: an overview, p. 11-36.

Yohannes, L. M. V. A. Finco, R. Bailis, and F. D. B. Abadio Finco, (2014). Babaçu e comunidades tradicionais no Bico do Papagaio: realidade versus possibilidades de inclusão socioprodutiva, p. 73-86.

Wahl, N., Hildebrandt, T., Moser, C., R Bailis et al. (2013). “Insights into jatropha projects worldwide: key facts & figures from a global survey”. Centre for Sustainability Management (CSM), Leuphana University Lüneburg, Germany.

Bailis, R. and J. Hyman (2011). Developing enabling frameworks for dissemination of clean-burning fuel-efficient cookstoves. In Diffusion of renewable energy technologies: case studies of enabling frameworks in developing countries. Eds. J. Haselip, I. Nygaard, U. Hansen and E. Ackom. Roskilde, Denmark, UNEP Risø Centre: 57-72.

Bailis, R., J. Chatelier, et al. (2011). Ecological Sustainability of Fuelwood as a Dominant Energy Source in Rural Communities. In Integrating Ecology into Poverty Alleviation and International Development Efforts. Eds. J. C. Ingram, F. A. de Clerck and C. Rumbaitis del Rio. New York, Springer.

Bailis, R. and N. Arabshahi (2011). Voluntary Emissions Reduction: Are We Making Progress? In Green Finance and Sustainability: Environmentally-Aware Business Models and Technologies. Z. Luo (ed), IGI Global: 241-273.

Bailis, R. (2011). Energy and poverty: the perspective of poor countries. In The Handbook of Sustainable Use of Energy. A. Markandya, I. Galarraga and M. González. London, Edward Elgar. p. 505-537. Available at:  

Bailis, R. (2010). “Carbon Trading and Carbon Offsets”, In Warf, B. (ed) “Encyclopedia of Geography” in press and online (

Bailis, R., C. Kirubi, and A. Jacobson, (2006). Searching For Sustainability: Kenya’s Energy Past And Future. Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS), 6 pages.

Bryden, M. Still, D., Scott, P., Hoffa, G., Ogle, D., Bailis, R., Goyer, K., (2005). Design Principles for Wood Burning Cook Stoves. Aprovecho Research Center, Shell Foundation, Partnership for Clean Indoor Air: Cottage Grove, OR. p. 40.

Bailis, R.(2004). Wood in Household Energy Use. In C. J. Cleveland (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Energy (pp. 509-526). New York: Elsevier Science Inc.

Bailis, R. D. Still, and D. Ogle (2004), Stove Performance Testing Protocol - Version 2.0, Developed for the Shell Foundation’s Household Energy and Health “Breathe Easy” Project. Available at

Bailis, R., M. Ezzati and D. Kammen (2002), An estimate of greenhouse gas emissions from common Kenyan cookstoves under conditions of actual use, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate, June 30, 2002, Monterey, California

Kammen, D., R. Bailis, and A. Herzog (2001), Clean Energy for Development and Economic Growth: Biomass and Other Renewable Energy Options to Meet Energy and Development Needs in Poor Nations, UNDP.  Available at