Research

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Embracing Complexity: Meeting the Challenges of International Forest Governance. A Global Assessment Report
The International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) issued a new study by a panel of experts on forest governance, looking at the effects of international accords on deforestation.  Ben Cashore, Director of the Global Institute’s Program on Forest Policy and Governance served on the panel of some 60 experts in political science, policy studies, law and international relations.  The report suggests that global efforts, including the recent REDD initiative, too often ignore local needs, while failing to address the most fundamental challenge to global forest management—that deforestation usually is caused by economic pressures imposed from outside the forests.  The report proposes an alternative framework called “Forests+.”  According to Cashore, “The goal of Forests+ is to solve problems by focusing on the many ways people use forests and by including from the start a broad group of stakeholders and institutions inside and outside of forests.  Specifically we identified new ways of having an impact that don’t require a ‘top down’ approach. Instead they would help nurture national and local strategies that work, provide training where needed and encourage market incentives that allow consumers to pick products based on how sustainably they are produced.”
More information on the IUFRO report.

Full report or policy brief are available here.

Highlands Regional Study: Connecticut and Pennsylvania 2010 Update
The four-state Highlands region (Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania) contains a wealth of natural resources and associated benefits threaten by development pressures. Congress recognized this area as having national significance and directed the Forest Service to identify areas having high conservation values that are threatened by development pressure. Mary Tyrrell, Executive Director of the Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry, led the study team for the forest and agricultural resource analysis, and growth and impact analysis, in collaboration with Myrna Hall at SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, and colleagues at UCONN, Regional Plan Association, and the Appalachian Mountain Club.  FES masters students Ellen Hawes M.F. '07, Samuel Price M.F. '08, and Larissa Yocum M.E.Sc. '06 completed major portions of the study as internships with the Global Institute.

Wildlands and Woodlands: Vision for New England
Lloyd Irland is a co-author of a new report from Wildlands and Woodlands which calls for conserving 70 percent of the New England landscape in forests (30 million acres).  Download 4 page summary.


Global Environmental Forest Policies: An International Comparison

Benjamin Cashore, Director of the Global Institute’s Program on Forest Policy and Governance is a co-author, along with Constance McDermott, and Peter Kanowski, of a uniquely detailed and systematic comparison of environmental forest policies and enforcement in twenty countries worldwide, covering developed, transition and developing economies. The goal is to enhance global policy learning and promote well-informed and precisely tuned policy solutions.
 

Can China Save the Amur Tiger?
A 2009 issue of Environment: YALE magazine, the journal of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, features research by FES doctoral student Xumei Han and her advisor Chad Oliver on saving the Amur Tiger.

 

Getting REDD to work locally: lessons learned from integrated conservation and development projects
Benjamin Blom, Terry Sunderland, Daniel Murdiyarso
REDD project developers stand to learn a great deal from the experience with Integrated Conservation Development Projects. This paper provides a list of best practices for ICDPs and applies their lessons as principles to guide the development and implementation of sub-national REDD projects.
Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 164-172. (April 2010)

Silvicultural and Economic Aspects of Pure and Mixed Native Tree Species Plantations on Degraded Pasturelands in Humid Costa Rica
Daniel Piotto, Dylan Craven, Florencia Montagnini and Federico Alice
A comparison of growth and economic viability of 15–16 year-old trees of native species in pure and mixed plantations on degraded pasturelands at La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica.
New Forests, Volume 39, Issue 3, Pages 369-385. (2010)

Topographic Influences on Vegetation Mosaics and Tree Diversity in the Chihuahuan Desert Borderlands
Helen Poulos and Ann Camp
This study investigated the influence of geographical variation in environmental site conditions on tree dominance and diversity patterns in three topographically dissected mountain ranges in west Texas, USA, and northern Mexico.
Ecology, Volume 91, Issue 4, Pages 1140-1151. (April 2010)

Collaborative Urban Environmental Crisis Management (UECM) Research in China
PI: Yajie Song
This grant will advance Yale's urban environmental crisis management (UECM) research in northern China for the urban 2 ecosystem stability, safety, sustainability based on boundaries, interdisciplinary and reactions in Dalian Development Area along the northern coast of the Gulf of Chili. The UECM focus on accomplishing its goals using social, human and urban ecosystem analyses to understand the dynamic interactions in ways that intensify policy and management decisions as well as people's awareness, participation and action.
Sponsors: Dalian Development Area Grant, China; Guan Liu Family UECM Fund; & Mr. Rui Liu of China

Understanding Connecticut Landowner's Attitudes and Objectives
PI: Mary Tyrrell
Connecticut's forests, half of which are owned by families, face continual threats of further fragmentation from unplanned development. This project will significantly enhance understanding of Connecticut forest landowners' attitudes, objectives, and stewardship behaviors, in order to implement much more effective programs for sustainable forest management and conservation across the Connecticut landscape. Data will be synthesized and disseminated following the framework of the Sustaining Family Forests Initiative for providing the best possible information about forest landowners to natural resource professionals so that they can more effectively engage landowners in environmental stewardship behaviors.
Sponsors: USDA Forest Service

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources; Component: Natural Forests and their Biodiversity
PI: Florencia Montagnini, in collaboration with six colleagues from the Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Argentina
Within this large project, F. Montagnini, along with colleagues from the National University of Misiones and Yale FES students, will be developing guidelines and models for the implementation of a Program for Payment of Environmental Services (PES) for Argentina. They will report directly to the Ministry of the Environment of Argentina, thus they expect their research will have direct applications on environmental policy at the national level.
Sponsors: PNUD ARG - United Nations Development Program, Argentina

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