At the  CIFOR (Center for international Forestry Research) Forest day 5 ysterday, Tony La Vinã who facilitates the REDD+(Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) negotiations in the LCA (Long-term Cooperative Action) track gave updates on the state of the negotiations. He pointed out that there is developing a new breed of negotiators who believe in full transparency and participation of stakeholders in negotiations this is reflected in the SBSTA(Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice) text agreed on December 4 2011.

On negotiations at the COP concerning REDD+ are the 3 pillars of REDD+, which are:

  1. MRV (Monitoring Reporting and Verification) systems, National reference levels and emission levels and a good technical bases for assessing national performances
  2. Robust systems of safeguards and informing each other on how we

We all procrastinate, not just students, which means that a deadline can have powerful impact. This fact is true in the climate change negotiations. Much of the detailed text for the negotiations needed to be completed last week for the discussion in the plenary meetings that are happening this week.

Starting with meetings on Monday, discussions on REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and land Degradation) were opened. The chair introduced some potential draft text and negotiations took off from there. Moving slowly countries shared their objections and desired changes. Everything in these processes takes time and has to be seen as inclusive and consensus-driven (or very close to it). If you’ve ever tried to edit text in a big group, you will know how challenging this process is. Add in the fact that countries are looking for precision in the ambiguity of text to match their national positions. These are discussions where ‘a’ vs. ‘the’ matters. For those of us new to the negotiations, this arguing over details can be frustrating to say the least. I realized, however, that they are designing and developing the rules and organization of entire programs – details matter.

In South Africa, amazingly big and colorful birds that would be captured and looked after in the zoo are flying in the open, standing on the roof and singing in the morning; monkeys are chasing each other right outside the fence of our hotel; there also lies a Karaoke. This genius Japanese invention serves to warm up our night after a long day in the ICC. It is also probably the closest thing to Japan here. No doubt why some people don’t regard Durban a right place for an eternal settling down of Kyoto Protocol.

Delegates listen with headsets during the COP17 Opening Plenary ©UNFCCC

Following up on my previous post, here’s some more about diplomat-speak.

What language to speak

Like the United Nations, COP17 participants may speak in plenary meetings (where the most are in attendance and the least gets done) in six official languages: Arabic, Mandarin Chinese, Russian, English, Spanish, and French. Headsets are made available to let delegates tune in to whichever one they please. In theory, a delegate could speak in another language, but would be required to provide for interpretation.

Delegates listen with headsets during the COP17 Opening Plenary ©UNFCCC

Some country delegations nearly always speak in their own language, while others only rarely, depending on a wide…

Since 1990, Latvia has reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by almost 60%. However, among the many successes of different sectors in Latvia in becoming more energy efficient, transportation was left behind. In Latvia and throughout the world, car ownership has been consistently growing, and with it fuel consumption and ghg emissions. As the world is becoming rapidly and dominantly urbanized, sustainable transport solutions are in dire need if we want to reduce CO2 emissions, as well as other airborne pollutants. Reaction to concern over this sector came in the form of many side events by the international transport community at COP17. In an attempt to discover the latest in the field, I took upon myself to be what one of the speakers defined in a panel “that Yale student who comes to all the transportation events”. I try.

Time and timing is an ever-present actor in the climate negotiations. Should we discuss a long term cooperative agreement before we know what happens with Kyoto? How can we discuss Kyoto without knowing whether all member states are on board with a legally binding long term agreement? Should we reach an agreement by 2015 in order to have a chance to peak emissions by 2020 and thus avoid a two degrees warming (according to a recent UNEP report), or should we wait with any new regime until 2020 and concentrate  on implementing what has been achieved in Cancun? And most importantly – how can we finish discussing this text in the hour and a half that was allocated to our working group by the secretariat?


1. Pablo,

(a) Welcoming the arrival this week of additional [Yale][Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies][students][conference delegates];

(b) Having reviewed blog post contributions from CP.16;

(c) Recalling blog posts that have been submitted throughout this week, including those on Sage Magazine;

(d) Reiterating [our obligations to][our superiors’ expectations that we will] submit content to this blog forum;

(e) Acknowledging busy schedules, the long duration of work days, and the need to study for final exams and to submit final non-papers;

(f) Taking note of the departure of one or more [Yale][Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies][students][conference delegates] in coming days;

(g) Stressing our privilege to attend COP17;

(h) [Requests] Invites [Yale][Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies][students][conference delegates] to [continue to] contribute content to this blog forum, for the benefit of others.

[alt. Invites Yale students to continue to engage in information dissemination practices.]

2. An informal informal may be convened at the request of parties in need of assistance.

In COP-17, China is one of the “major emitters” that has contributed a large share of global greenhouse gases. This should not be a surprise after you count in China’s population and economic development. By 2011, China has a population of 1.3 billion people, the largest in the world. China’s estimated GDP in 2011 is $11.3 trillion, making it the second largest global economy. China, with its mass population of hard-working people, has closely followed the “old-school” development model, which every developed country has gone through and has benefited from.

This growth model came at the cost of environmental degradation, and it has been increasingly challenged by climate change in recently years. With strange weathers and even climate disasters occurring more and more frequently around the globe, today, most people in our world, including the Chinese, have become aware of the warning signals from mother earth. The question is: can we fix it?

Tell It Like It Is....

….the 1966 Aaron Neville classic, and good advice to live by.

I love the oldies….like REALLY love the oldies. If the original recording of a song was on the A-side of a vinyl by 4-5 guys in matching polyester suits, spinning smoothly and dipping the microphone stand – I am probably listening to it right now. There are many reasons why I love this music, one being that the message always has a way of coming through crystal clear. The music and lyrics are simple and elegant, conveying pure emotion with an eclectic balance of innocence, wit and charm. The music moved you, and moved through you. What you heard was the real deal.

You may be wondering why I am writing about music on a blog that is supposed to be about a climate change conference. Well, after five days here, I would really like to hear someone “tell it like it is”. If you listen to the official statements by delegations day after day, it’s akin to skipping on autotune, it’s the same artificial message over and over again.

But today I caught the dull whispers of a song that I had not yet heard during week one of COP17.