Unlike some of the European countries sign on to a second commitment period of Kyoto protocol to begin in 2013, yesterday Japan stressed that it would never accept a second commitment period and would never agree to place its greenhouse gas emission reduction target under the Kyoto Protocol. This is no doubt a great shock for other participants who were hoping for a more stringent mitigation goal. And the biggest concern is the effect that this announcement will have on the other Annex 1 countries. The announcement came of course as a major disappointment to small island states like Tuvalu, which, just the day before, had expressed its concern that developed countries seemed to lack the resolution to move on. If AWG-KP has no achievement in setting a post-2012 reduction…