Michelle L. Bell

Professor of Environmental Health


Peer-reviewed Journal Articles

Son JY, ML Bell, JT Lee. The impact of heat, cold, and heat waves on hospital admissions in 8 cities in Korea. Accepted for International Journal of Biometeorology.

Bell ML, K Ebisu, BP Leaderer, JF Gent, HJ Lee, P Koutrakis, Y Want, F Dominici, RD Peng. 2014. Associations of PM2.5 constituents and sources with hospital admissions: analysis of four counties in Connecticut and Massachusetts (USA) for persons >65 years of age. Environmental Health Perspectives 122(2), p. 138-144.

Hyder A, K Ebisu, JH Lee, P Koutrakis, K Belanger, ML Bell. 2014. Using satellite- and monitor-based data to assess the relationship between PM2.5  exposure and birth outcomes in Connecticut and Massachusetts (2000-2006). Epidemiology 25(1), p. 58-67.

Pereira G, K Belanger, K Ebisu, ML Bell. 2014. Fine particulate matter and risk of preterm birth in Connecticut 2000-2006: A longitudinal study. American Journal of Epidemiology.179(1), p. 67-74.

Krall JR, GB Anderson, F Dominici, ML Bell, RD Peng. 2013. Short-term exposure to particulaet matter constituents and mortality in a national study of U.S. urban communities. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(10), p. 1111-1119.

Bell ML, Zanobetti A, Dominici F. 2013. Evidence on vulnerability and susceptibility to health effects associated with short-term exposure to particulate matter: Systematic review and meta analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology 178(6), p. 865-876.

Anderson GB, ML Bell, RD Peng. 2013. Methods to calculate the heat index as an exposer metric in environmental health research. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(10), p. 1111-1119.

Son JY, Lee JT, Park YG, Bell ML. 2013. Short-term effects of air pllution on hospital admissions in 8 cities in Korea, 2003-2008Epidemiology 24(4), p. 545-554.

Anderson GB, Dominici F, Wang Y, McCormack MC, Bell ML, Peng RD. 2013. Heat-related emergency hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in the Medicare population. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 187(10), p. 1098-1103.

Gurung A, Bell ML. 2013.The state of  scientific evidence on air pollution and human health in Nepal. Environmental Research 124, p. 54-64.

Uhl SA, James-Todd T, Bell ML. 2013. Association of Osteoarthritis with Perfluorooctanoate and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in NHANES 2003 – 2008. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(4), p. 447-452.

Son JY, Bell ML. 2013. The relationships between short-term exposure to particulate matter and mortality in Korea: Impact of particulate matter exposure metrics for sub-daily exposuresEnvironmental Research Letters 8: 014015.

Dadvand P, Parker J, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow LA, Gehring U, Glinianaia SV, Gouveia N,Ha EH, Leem JH, van den Hooven EH, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Pesatori AC, Pierik FH, Pless-Mulloli T, Rich DQ, Sathyanarayana S, Seo J, Slama R, Strickland M, Tamburic L, Wartenberg D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Woodruff TJ. 2013. Maternal exposure to particulate air pollution and term birth weight; a multi-country evaluation of effect and heterogeneity. Environmental Health Perspectives 121(3), p. 267-373.

Vos T et al. 2012. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet 380(9859), p. 2163-2196.

Lim SS et al. 2012. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet 380(9859), p. 2223-2260.

Lozano R et al. 2012. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet 380(9859), p. 2095-2128.

Vos T et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet 380(9859), p. 2163-2196.

Bell ML, K Ebisu. 2012. Environmental inequality in exposures to airborne particulate matter components in the United StatesEnvironmental Health Perspectives 120(12), p. 1699-1704.

Harrington W, Morgenstern R, Shish JS, Bell ML. 2012. Did the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 really improve air quality? Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health 5(4), p. 353-367.

Ebisu K, Bell ML. 2012. Airborne PM2.5 chemical components and birth weight in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of USEnvironmental Health Perspectives 120(12), p. 1746-1752.

Anderson GB, Krall JR, Peng RD, Bell ML. 2012. Is the relationship between ozone and mortality confounded by chemical components of particulate matter? Analysis of 7 components in 57 United States communities. American Journal of Epidemiology 176(8), p. 726-732.

Geer LA, J Weedon, ML Bell. 2012. Ambient air pollution and term birth weight in Texas from 1998-2004Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 62(11), p. 1285-1295.

Bell ML, Belanger K. 2012. Review of research on residential mobility during pregnancy: Consequences for assessment of prenatal environmental exposuresJournal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 22(5). p. 429-438.

Lee HJ, Coull BA, Bell ML, Koutrakis P. 2012. Use of satellite-based aerosol optical depth and spatial clustering to predict ambient PM2.5 concentrationsEnvironmental Research 118, p. 8-15.

Bell ML, Belanger K, Ebisu K, Gent JF, Leaderer BP. 2012. Relationship between birth weight and exposure to airborne fine particulate potassium and titanium during gestationEnvironmental Research 117, p. 83-89.

Son JY, Lee JT, Kim KH, Jung K, Bell ML. 2012. Characterization of fine particulate matter and associations between particulate chemical constituents and mortality in Seoul, Korea. Environmental Health Perspectives.120(6), p. 872-878.

Bravo MA, Fuentes M, Zhang Y, Burr M, Bell ML. 2012. Comparison of exposure estimation methods for air pollutants: ambient monitoring data and regional air quality simulation. Environmental Research 116, p. 1-10.

Son JY, Lee JT, Kim H, Yi H, Bell ML. 2012. Susceptibility to air pollution effects on mortality in Seoul, Korea: A case-crossover analysis of individual-level effect modifiers. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 22(3), p. 227-234.

Gurung A, Bell ML. 2012. Exposure to airborne particulate matter in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 22(3), p. 235-242.

Lin Z, Levy JK, Lei H, Bell ML. 2012. Advances in disaster modeling, simulation, and visualization for sandstorm risk management in North China. Remote Sensing 4(5), p. 1337-1354.

Son JY, Lee JT, Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2012. The Impact of Heat Waves on Mortality in 7 Major Cities in KoreaEnvironmental Health Perspectives 120(4), p. 566-571.

Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2012. Lights out: Impact of the August 2003 power outage on mortality in New York, NY. Epidemiology 23(2), p. 189-193.

DellaValle CT, Triche EW, Leaderer BP, Bell ML. 2012. Effects of ambient pollen concentrations on frequency and severity of asthma symptoms among asthmatic childrenEpidemiology 23(1), p. 55-63.

DellaValle CT, Triche EW, Bell ML. 2012. Spatial and temporal modeling of daily pollen concentrations. International Journal of Biometeorology 56(1), p. 183-194.

Pickett AR, Bell ML. 2011. Assessment of indoor air pollution in homes with infants. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8(12), p. 4502-4520.

Fann N, Bell ML, Walker K, Hubbell B. 2011.Improving the linkages between air pollution epidemiology and quantitative risk assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives 119(12)., p. 1671-1675.

Digar A, Cohan DS, Bell ML. 2011. Uncertainties influencing health-based prioritization of ozone abatement strategies. Environmental Science & Technology 45(18), p. 7761-7767.

Son JY, Lee JT, Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2011. Vulnerability to temperature-related mortality in Seoul, Korea. Environmental Research Letters 6(3) Art. No. 034027.

Parker J, Rich DQ, Glinianaia S, Leem JH, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow L, Gehring U, Gouveia N, Grillo P, van den Hooven E, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Slama R, Pierik F, Pesatori AC, Strickland M, Sathyanarayana S, Tamburic L, Woodruff TJ. 2011. The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes: Initial results. Environmental Helth Perspectives 119(7), p. 1023-1028.

Son JY, Bell ML, Lee JT. 2011. Survival analysis of long-term exposure to different sizes of airborne particulate matter and risk of infant mortality using a birth cohort in Seoul, Korea. Environmental Health Perspectives119(5), p. 725-730.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Peng RD. 2011. Community-level spatial heteogeneity of chemical constituent levels of fine particulates and implications for epidemiological research. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 21(4), p. 372-384.

Ebisu K, Holford T, Belanger K, Leaderer BP, Bell ML. 2011. Developed land-use and infants’ respiratory symptoms. Environmental Research. 111(5), p. 677-684.

Peng RD, Bobb JF, Tebaldi C, McDaniel L, Bell ML, Dominici F. 2011. Towards a quantitative estimate of future heat wave mortality under global climate change. Environmental Health Perspectives 119(5), p. 701-706.

Bell ML, Morgenstern R, Harrington W. 2011. Quantifying the human health benefits of air pollution policies: Review of recent studies and new directions for accountability research. Environmental Science and Policy 14(4), p. 357-368.

Ji M, Cohan DS, Bell ML. 2011. Meta-analysis of the association between short-term exposure to ambient ozone and respiratory hospital admissions. Environmental Research Letters 6(2), Art. No. 024006

Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2011. Heat waves in the United States: Mortality risk during heat waves and effect modification by heat wave characteristics in 43 US communities. Environmental Health Perspectives 119(2), p. 210-218.

Bell ML, Cifuentes LA, Davis DL, Cushing E, Telles AG, Gouveia N. 2011. Environmental health indicators and a case study of air pollution in Latin American cities. Environmental Research 111(1), p. 54-66.

Bravo MA, Bell ML. 2011. Spatial heterogeneity of PM10 and O3 in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and implications for human health studiesJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association 61(1), p. 69-77.

Son JY, Bell ML, Lee JT. 2010. Individual exposure to air pollution and lung function in Korea: Spatial analysis using multiple exposure approaches. Environmental Research 110(8), p. 739-749.

Bell ML, Belanger K, Ebisu K, Gent JF, Lee HJ, P Koutrakis, Leaderer BP. 2010. Prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter and birth weight: Variations by particulate constituents and sources. Epidemiology 21(6), p. 884-891.

Peng RD, Bell ML. 2010. Spatial misalignment in time series analyses of air pollution and health data. Biostatistics 11(4), p. 720-740.

Woodruff TJ, Parker JD, Adams K, Bell ML, Gehring U, Glinianaia S, Ha EH, Jalaludin B, Slama R. 2010. International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes (ICAPPO). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 7(6), p. 2638-2652.

Dominici F, Peng RD, Barr CD, Bell ML. 2010. Protecting human health from air pollution: Shifting from a single pollutant to a multi-pollutant approach. Epidemiology 21(2), p. 187-194.

Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2010. Does one size fit all? The suitability of standard ozone exposure metric conversion ratios and implications for epidemiology. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 20(1), p. 2-11.

Bell ML, Peng RD, Dominici F, Samet JM. 2009. Emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases and ambient levels of carbon monoxide: results for 126 U.S. urban counties, 1999-2005. Circulation 120(11), p. 949-955.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Peng RD, Dominici F. 2009. Adverse health effects of particulate air pollution: modification by air conditioning. Epidemiology 20(5), p. 682-686.

Peng RD, Bell ML, Geyh AS, McDermott A, Zeger SL, Samet JM, Dominici F. 2009. Emergency admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and the chemical composition of fine particle air pollutionEnvironmental Health Perspectives 117(6), p. 957-963.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Peng RD, Samet JM, Dominici F. 2009. Hospital admissions and chemical composition of fine particle air pollutionAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 179(2), p. 1115-1120.

Woodruff TJ, Parker JD, Darrow LA, Slama R, Bell ML, Choi H, Glinianaia S, Hoggatt KJ, Karr C, Lobdell D, Wilhelm M. 2009. Methodological issues in studies of air pollution and reproductive health. Environmental Research 109(3), p. 311-332.

Anderson GB, Bell ML. 2009. Weather-related mortality: a study of how heat, cold, and heat waves affect mortality in the United States. Epidemiology 20(2), p. 205-213.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Peng RD, Walker J, Samet JM, Zeger SL, Dominici F. 2008. Seasonal and regional short-term effects of fine particles on hospital admissions in 202 U.S. counties, 1999-2005. American Journal of Epidemiology 168(11), p. 1301-1310.

O’Neill MS, Bell ML, Ranjit N, Cifuentes LA, Loomis D, Gouveia N, Borja-Aburto VH. 2008. Air pollution and mortality in Latin America: the role of education. Epidemiology 19(6), p. 810-819.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Belanger K. 2008. The relationship between air pollution and low birth weight: effects by mother’s age, infant sex, co-pollutants, and pre-term births. Environmental Research Letters 3(4), Art. No. 044003.

Bell ML, Davis DL, Cifuentes LA, Krupnick AJ, Morgenstern RD, Thurston GD. 2008. Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation. Environmental Health 7:41.

Bell ML, O’Neill MS, Ranjit N, Borja-Aburto VH, Cifuentes LA, Gouveia NC. 2008. Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in São Paulo, Brazil; Santiago, Chile; and Mexico City, Mexico. International Journal of Epidemiology 37(4), p. 796-804.

Stratton L, O’Neill MS, Kruk ME, Bell ML. 2008. The persistent problem of malaria: addressing the fundamental causes of a global killer. Social Science & Medicine 67(5), p. 854-862.

White RH, Stineman CH, Symons JM, Breysse PN, Kim SR, Bell ML, Samet JM. 2008. Premature mortality in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia associated with particulate matter air pollution from the 1991 Gulf War. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 14(4), p. 645-664.

Jiang R, Bell ML. 2008. A comparison of particulate matter from biomass-burning rural and non-biomass burning urban households in Northeastern China. Environmental Health Perspectives 116(7), p. 907-914.

Peng RD, Chang HH, Bell ML, McDermott A, Zeger SL, Samet JM, Dominici F. 2008. Coarse particulate matter air pollution and hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases among Medicare patients. Journal of the American Medical Association 299(18), p. 2172-2179. 

Bell ML, Dominic F. 2008. Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 U.S. communities. American Journal of Epidemiology 167(8), p. 986-997.

Bell ML, Levy JK, Lin Z. 2008. The effect of sandstorms and air pollution on cause-specific hospital admissions in Taipei, Taiwan. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 65(2), p. 104-111.

Kinney PL, O’Neill ML, Bell ML, Schwartz J. 2008. Approaches for estimating effects of climate change on heat-related deaths: challenges and opportunities. Environmental Science and Policy 11(1), p. 87-96.

Bell ML, Ebisu K, Belanger K. 2007. Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(7), p. 1118-1124.

Bell ML, Kim JY, Dominici F. 2007. Potential confounding of particulate matter on the short-term association between ozone and mortality in multi-site time-series studies. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(11), p. 1591-1595.

Bell ML, Goldberg R, Hogrefe C, Kinney PL, Knowlton K, Lynn B, Rosenthal J, Rosenzweig C, Patz J. 2007. Climate change, ambient ozone, and health in 50 U.S. cities. Climatic Change 82(1-2), p. 61-76.

Bell ML, Dominici F, Ebisu K, Zeger SL, Samet JM. 2007. Spatial and temporal variation in PM2.5 chemical composition in the United States for health effects studies. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(7), p. 989-995.

Dominici F, Peng RD, Ebisu K, Zeger SL, Samet JM, Bell ML. 2007. Does the effect of PM10 on mortality depend on PM nickel and vanadium content? A re-analysis of the NMMAPS data. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(12), p. 1701-1703.

Dominici F, Peng RD, Bell ML, Pham L, McDermott A, Zeger SL, Samet JM. 2006. Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Journal of the American Medical Association 295(10), p. 1127-1134.

Bell ML, Peng RD, Dominici F. 2006. The exposure-response curve for ozone and risk of mortality and the adequacy of current ozone regulations. Environmental Health Perspectives 114(4), p. 532-536.

Bell ML, Davis DL, Gouveia N, Borja-Aburto VH, Cifuentes LA. 2006. The avoidable health effects of air pollution in three Latin-American cities: Santiago, São Paulo, and Mexico City. Environmental Research 100(3), p. 431-440.

Bell ML. 2006. The use of ambient air quality modeling to estimate individual and population exposure for human health research: a case study of ozone in the Northern Georgia region of the United States. Environment International 32(5), p. 586-593.

Bell ML, Dominici F, Samet JM. 2005. Meta-analysis of time-series studies of ozone and mortality with comparison to the National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Studyanalysis. Epidemiology 16(4), p. 436-445.

Huang Y, Dominici F, Bell ML. 2005. Bayesian hierarchical distributed lag models for summer ozone exposure and mortality. Environmetrics 16(5), p. 547-562.

Bell ML, O’Neill MS, Cifuentes LA, Braga AL, Green C, Nweke A, Rogat J, Sibold K. 2005. Challenges and recommendations for the study of socioeconomic factors and air pollution health effects. Environmental Science and Policy 8(5), p. 525-533.

Bell ML, Hobbs BF, Ellis H. 2005. Metrics matter: conflicting air quality rankings from different indices of air pollution. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 55(1), p. 97-106.

Taji K, Levy JK, Hartmann J, Bell ML, Anderson RM, Hobbs BF, Feglar T. 2005. Identifying potential repositories for radioactive waste: multiple criteria decision analysis and critical infrastructure systems. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Systems 1(4), p. 404-422.

Bell ML, McDermott A, Zeger SL, Samet JM, Dominici F. 2004. Ozone and mortality in 95 U.S. urban communities, 1987 to 2000. Journal of the American Medical Association 292(19), p. 2372-2378.

Bell ML, Davis DL, Fletcher T. 2004. A retrospective assessment of mortality from the London smog episode of 1952: the role of influenza, temperature, and pollution. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(1), p. 6-8.

Bell ML, Ellis H. 2004. Sensitivity analysis of tropospheric ozone to modified biogenic emissions for the Mid-Atlantic Region. Atmospheric Environment 38(13), p. 1879-1889.

Bell ML, Dominici F, Samet JM. 2004. Time-series studies of particulate matter. Annual Review of Public Health 25, p. 247-280.

Bell ML, Ellis H. 2003. Comparison of the 1-hour and 8-hour National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone using an air pollution modeling system. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 53(12), p. 1531-1540.

Bell ML, Hobbs BF, Ellis H. 2003. The use of multi-criteria decision-making methods in integrated assessment of climate change: implications for IA practitioners. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 37(4), p. 289-316.

Bell ML, Davis DL, Cifuentes L, Cohen A, Gouveia N, Grant L, Green C, Johnson T, Rogat J, Spengler J, Thurston G. 2002. International expert workshop on the analysis of the economic and public health impacts of air pollution - workshop summary. Environmental Health Perspectives 110(11), p. 1163-1168. 

Bell ML, Davis DL. 2001. Reassessment of the lethal London Fog of 1952: novel indicators of acute and chronic consequences of acute exposure to air pollution. Environmental Health Perspectives 19 (Suppl 3), p. 389-394.

Bell ML, Hobbs BF, Elliott EM, Ellis H, Robinson Z. 2001. An evaluation of multi-criteria methods in integrated assessment of climate policy. Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis 10(5), p. 229-256.